2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Diesel Equipment Technology I (8613/36 weeks, 280 hours)
Legislation enacted in the 2011 Virginia General Assembly (HB 1493) and amended in 2012 (HB 1108) requires where there is a national industry certification for career and technical education instructional personnel or programs for automotive technology, the Board of Education must make such certification mandatory. The provisions of this act shall become effective July 1, 2013. To comply with the requirements, all Career and Technical Education (CTE) diesel equpment technology programs must be ASE Education Foundation accredited and the instructors must be certified by the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE).
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Work-Based Learning
REQUIRED SUPPLEMENTAL TASKS
Practicing Lab/Shop and Personal Safety
- Identify general lab/shop safety rules and procedures.
- Utilize safe procedures for handling of tools and equipment.
- Identify and use proper placement of floor jacks and jack stands.
- Identify and use proper procedures for safe lift operation.
- Utilize proper ventilation procedures for working within the lab/shop area.
- Identify marked safety areas.
- Identify the location and the types of fire extinguishers and other fire safety equipment; demonstrate knowledge of the procedures for using fire extinguishers and other fire safety equipment.
- Identify the location and use of eye wash stations.
- Identify the location of the posted evacuation routes.
- Comply with the required use of safety glasses, ear protection, gloves, and shoes during lab/shop activities.
- Identify and wear appropriate clothing for lab/shop activities.
- Secure hair and jewelry for lab/shop activities.
- Demonstrate awareness of the safety aspects of supplemental restraint systems (SRS), electronic brake control systems, and hybrid vehicle high voltage circuits.
- Demonstrate awareness of the safety aspects of high voltage circuits (such as high intensity discharge [HID] lamps, ignition systems, injection systems, etc.).
- Demonstrate knowledge of safety data sheets' (SDS) location and content.
Using Tools and Equipment
- Identify tools and their usage in diesel applications.
- Identify standard and metric designation.
- Demonstrate safe handling and use of appropriate tools.
- Demonstrate proper cleaning, storage, and maintenance of tools and equipment.
- Demonstrate proper use of precision measuring tools (i.e. micrometer, dial-indicator, dial-caliper).
Preparing Vehicle for Service
- Identify information needed and the service requested on a repair order.
- Identify purpose and demonstrate proper use of fender covers, mats.
- Demonstrate use of the three Cs (concern, cause, and correction).
- Review vehicle service history.
- Complete work order to include customer information, vehicle identifying information, customer concern, related service history, cause, and correction.
Preparing Vehicle for Customer
Diesel Engines: General
Diesel Engines: Servicing Cylinder Head and Valve Train
- Inspect cylinder head.
- Inspect valves, guides, seats, springs, retainers, rotators, locks and seals.
- Measure valve head height relative to deck and valve face-to-seat contact.
- Inspect injector sleeves and seals.
- Inspect valve train components.
- Reassemble cylinder head.
- Measure overhead camshaft end play and backlash.
- Inspect electronic wiring harness and brackets.
- Adjust valve bridges, valve clearances, and injector settings.
Diesel Engines: Servicing the Engine Block
- Perform crankcase pressure test.
- Service pans, covers, gaskets, seals, wear rings, and crankcase ventilation components.
- Inspect engine block, threaded holes, studs, dowel pins, and bolts.
- Inspect cylinder sleeve counter bore and lower bore for distortion.
- Inspect cylinder walls or liners for wear and damage.
- Reinstall cylinder liners and seals.
- Inspect in-block camshaft bearings for wear and damage.
- Reinstall in-block camshaft.
- Inspect crankshaft.
- Inspect main bearings for wear patterns and damage.
- Service gear train.
- Inspect connecting rods and bearings.
- Service pistons.
- Assemble pistons and connecting rods.
- Check the condition of the piston cooling jets (nozzles).
- Inspect crankshaft damper.
- Install flywheel housing.
- Inspect flywheel/flexplate (including ring gear) and mounting surfaces for cracks and wear.
Diesel Engines: Servicing Lubrication Systems
- Test engine oil pressure and temperature.
- Check engine oil level, condition, and consumption.
- Inspect oil pump, drives, inlet pipes, and pick-up screens; check drive gear clearances.
- Inspect oil pressure regulator valve, by-pass and pressure relief valves, oil thermostat, and filters.
- Inspect oil cooler and components.
- Inspect turbocharger lubrication systems.
- Perform oil and filter changes.
Diesel Engines: Servicing Cooling Systems
- Check engine coolant type, level, condition, and consumption.
- Test coolant temperature and check operation of temperature and level sensors, gauges, and sending units.
- Inspect pulleys, tensioners, and drive belts.
- Inspect thermostats, by-passes, housings, and seals.
- Refill coolant/additive package.
- Inspect coolant conditioner/filter assembly for leaks.
- Inspect water pump and hoses.
- Inspect radiator.
- Inspect thermostatic cooling fan system and fan shroud.
- Inspect turbo charger cooling systems.
Diesel Engines: Servicing Air Induction and Exhaust Systems
- Perform air intake system restriction and leakage tests.
- Perform intake manifold pressure (boost) test.
- Check exhaust back pressure.
- Inspect turbocharger, wastegate, and piping systems.
- Inspect variable geometry turbocharger (VGT), pneumatic, hydraulic, and electronic controls and actuators.
- Check air induction system.
- Reinstall turbocharger/wastegate assembly.
- Inspect intake manifold, gaskets, and connections.
- Inspect air cooler assemblies.
- Inspect exhaust manifold, piping, mufflers, and mounting hardware.
Diesel Engines: Servicing Engine Brakes
Brakes: Servicing Hydraulic Brakes
- Identify poor stopping, premature wear, pulling, dragging, balance, or pedal feel problems caused by the hydraulic system.
- Test master cylinder for internal/external leaks and damage.
- Inspect hydraulic system brake lines, flexible hoses, and fittings for leaks and damage.
- Test metering (hold-off), load sensing/proportioning, proportioning, and combination valves.
- Test brake pressure differential valve and warning light circuit switch, bulbs/LEDs, wiring, and connectors.
- Inspect disc brake caliper assemblies.
- Inspect brake fluid.
Brakes: Servicing Mechanical/Foundation Brakes
Brakes: Servicing Power Assist Units
Brakes: Servicing Wheel Bearings
SUSPENSION AND STEERING
Suspension and Steering: Wheels and Tires
Electrical/Electronic Systems: General Electrical Systems
- Interpret electrical/electronic circuits, using wiring diagrams.
- Check continuity in electrical/electronic circuits using appropriate test equipment.
- Check applied voltages, circuit voltages, and voltage drops in electrical/electronic circuits using appropriate test equipment.
- Check current flow in electrical/electronic circuits and components using appropriate test equipment.
- Check resistance in electrical/electronic circuits and components using appropriate test equipment.
- Locate shorts, grounds, and opens in electrical/electronic circuits.
- Identify parasitic (key-off) battery drain problems.
- Test fusible links, circuit breakers, relays, solenoids, and fuses.
- Test spike suppression devices.
- Check frequency and pulse width signal in electrical/electronic circuits using appropriate test equipment.
Electrical/Electronic Systems: Servicing Battery
- Perform appropriate battery load test.
- Determine battery state of charge using an open circuit voltage test.
- Service battery.
- Clean battery boxes, mounts, and hold downs.
- Charge battery using appropriate method for battery type.
- Clean battery cables and connectors.
- Jump start a vehicle using jumper cables and a booster battery or appropriate auxiliary power supply using proper safety procedures.
- Perform battery capacitance test.
- Test low voltage disconnect (LVD) systems.
Electrical/Electronic Systems: Servicing Gauges and Warning Devices
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Engine
- Check engine starting and operation.
- Inspect belts, tensioners, and pulleys.
- Inspect vibration damper.
- Check engine oil level and condition.
- Inspect engine mounts for looseness and deterioration.
- Check engine for oil, coolant, air, fuel, and exhaust leaks.
- Check engine compartment wiring harness, connectors, and seals for damage and proper routing.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Fuel System
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Air Induction and Exhaust System
- Check exhaust system mountings for looseness and damage.
- Check engine exhaust system for leaks, proper routing,and damaged or missing components to include exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system and after-treatment devices, if equipped.
- Check air induction system for air restrictions and leaks.
- Inspect turbocharger for leaks.
- Check operation of engine compression/exhaust brake.
- Replace air filter as needed.
- Service crankcase ventilation system.
- Inspect diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) system, to include tanks, lines, gauge pump, and filter.
- Inspect selective catalyst reduction (SCR) system.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Cooling System
- Check operation of fan clutch.
- Inspect radiator (including air flow restriction, leaks, and damage) and mountings.
- Inspect fan assembly and shroud.
- Pressure test cooling system and radiator cap.
- Inspect coolant hoses and clamps.
- Inspect coolant recovery system.
- Check coolant for contamination, additive package concentration, aeration, and protection level (freeze point).
- Service coolant filter.
- Inspect water pump.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Lubrication System
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Cab and Hood Instruments and Controls
- Inspect key condition and operation of ignition switch.
- Check warning indicators.
- Check instruments; record oil pressure and system voltage.
- Check operation of electronic power take off (PTO) and engine idle speed controls, if applicable.
- Check heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) controls.
- Check operation of all accessories.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Cab and Hood Safety Equipment
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Cab and Hood Hardware
- Check operation of wiper and washer.
- Inspect windshield glass for cracks or discoloration.
- Check seat condition, operation, and mounting.
- Check door glass and window operation.
- Inspect steps and grab handles.
- Inspect mirrors, mountings, brackets, and glass.
- Record all observed physical damage.
- Lubricate all cab and hood grease fittings.
- Lubricate door and hood hinges, latches, strikers, lock cylinders, safety latches, linkages, and cables.
- Inspect cab mountings, hinges, latches, linkages, and ride height.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Cab and Hood HVAC
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Battery and Starting System
- Inspect battery box(es), cover(s), and mountings.
- Inspect battery hold-downs, connections, cables, and cable routing.
- Record battery state-of-charge (open circuit voltage) and condition.
- Perform battery test (load and/or capacitance).
- Inspect starter, mounting, and connections.
- Check starter for unusual noises, starter drag, and starting difficulty.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Charging System
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Lighting System
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Air Brakes
- Check operation of parking brake.
- Record air governor cut-in and cut-out settings.
- Check operation of air reservoir/tank drain valves.
- Check air system for leaks (brakes released).
- Check air system for leaks (brakes applied).
- Test one-way valves.
- Check low air pressure warning devices.
- Check emergency (spring) brake control/modulator valve, if applicable.
- Check tractor protection valve.
- Test air pressure build-up time.
- Inspect coupling air lines, holders, and gladhands.
- Check brake chambers and air lines for secure mounting and damage.
- Check operation of air drier.
- Record brake shoe/pad condition, thickness, and contamination.
- Record condition of brake drums/rotors.
- Check antilock brake system (ABS) wiring, connectors, seals, and harnesses for damage and proper routing.
- Check operation and adjustment of brake automatic slack adjusters (ASA).
- Lubricate all brake component grease fittings.
- Check condition and operation of hand brake (trailer) control valve, if applicable.
- Perform ABS operational system self-test.
- Drain air tanks.
- Check condition of pressure relief (safety) valves.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Hydraulic Brakes
- Check master cylinder fluid level and condition.
- Inspect brake lines, fittings, flexible hoses, and valves for leaks and damage.
- Check parking brake operation.
- Check operation of hydraulic system.
- Inspect calipers for leakage, binding, and damage.
- Inspect brake assist system (booster), hoses, control valves, and reservoir fluid level and condition.
- Record brake lining/pad condition thickness, and contamination.
- Record condition of brake rotors.
- Check ABS wiring, connectors, seals, and harnesses for damage and proper routing.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Drive Train
- Check operation of clutch, clutch brake, and gearshift.
- Check clutch linkage/cable for looseness or binding, if applicable.
- Check hydraulic clutch slave and master cylinders, lines, fittings, and hoses, if applicable.
- Check clutch adjustment.
- Check transmission case, seals, filter, hoses, lines, and cooler for cracks and leaks.
- Inspect transmission breather.
- Inspect transmission mounts.
- Check transmission oil level, type, and condition.
- Inspect U-joints, yokes, driveshafts, boots/seals, center bearings, and mounting hardware for looseness, damage, and proper phasing.
- Inspect axle housing(s) for cracks and leaks.
- Inspect axle breather(s).
- Lubricate all drive train grease fittings.
- Check drive axle(s) oil level, type, and condition.
- Change drive axle(s) oil and filter/screen, if applicable.
- Check transmission wiring, connectors, seals, and harnesses for damage and proper routing.
- Change transmission oil and filter, if applicable.
- Check inter-axle differential lock operation.
- Check transmission range shift operation.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Suspension and Steering System
- Check steering wheel operation for free play and binding.
- Check power steering pump, mounting, and hoses for leaks, condition, and routing.
- Change power steering fluid and filter.
- Inspect steering gear for leaks and secure mounting.
- Inspect steering shaft U-joints, pinch bolts, splines, pitman arm-to-steering sector shaft, tie rod ends, and linkages.
- Check kingpins for wear.
- Check wheel bearings for looseness and noise.
- Check oil level and condition in all non-drive hubs.
- Inspect springs, pins, hangers, shackles, spring U-bolts, and insulators.
- Inspect shock absorbers for leaks and secure mounting.
- Inspect air suspension springs, mounts, hoses, valves, linkage, and fittings for leaks and damage.
- Record suspension ride height.
- Lubricate all suspension and steering grease fittings.
- Check axle locating components.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Tires and Wheels
- Inspect tires for wear patterns and proper mounting.
- Inspect tires for cuts, cracks, bulges, and sidewall damage.
- Inspect valve caps and stems.
- Record tread depth.
- Adjust air pressure in accordance with manufacturers' specification.
- Check wheel mounting hardware condition.
- Inspect wheels for cracks, damage and proper hand hold alignment.
- Check tire matching (diameter and tread) on single and dual tire applications.
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection: Servicing Frame and Fifth Wheel
- Inspect fifth wheel mounting, bolts, airlines, and locks.
- Test operation of fifth wheel locking device.
- Check quarter fenders, mud flaps, and brackets.
- Check pintle hook assembly and mounting, if applicable.
- Lubricate all fifth wheel grease fittings and plate, of applicable.
- Inspect frame and frame members for cracks and damage.