Identify design hierarchy.
DefinitionIdentification should include the following layers of a hierarchical network and how they are used in network design:
Related Standards of Learning
- Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical-thinking questions before, during, and after reading texts.
- Analyze and synthesize information in order to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge.
- Analyze two or more texts addressing the same topic to identify authors’ purposes and determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Identify false premises in persuasive writing.
- Draw conclusions and make inferences about explicit and implied information, using textual support.
History and Social Science
The student will apply social science skills to understand local, state, and national elections by
- describing the nomination and election process, including the organization and evolving role of political parties;
- examining campaign funding and spending, including the impact of Supreme Court decisions, the nationalization of campaign financing, and the role of issue groups;
- analyzing the influence of media coverage, campaign advertising, public opinion polls, social media, and digital communications on elections;
- investigating and explaining the impact of reapportionment and redistricting on elections and governance;
- describing how amendments have extended the right to vote; and
- analyzing voter turnout in local, state, and national elections.
The student will apply social science skills to understand political and social conditions in the United States during the early twenty-first century by
- assessing the development of and changes in domestic policies, with emphasis on the impact of the role the United States Supreme Court played in defining a constitutional right to privacy, affirming equal rights, and upholding the rule of law;
- evaluating and explaining the changes in foreign policies and the role of the United States in a world confronted by international terrorism, with emphasis on the American response to 9/11 (September 11, 2001);
- evaluating the evolving and changing role of government, including its role in the American economy; and
- explaining scientific and technological changes and evaluating their impact on American culture
The student will apply social science skills to analyze the impact of globalization by
- identifying factors, including comparative advantage, that influence the distribution of economic activities and trade;
- describing ways that economic and social interactions change over time; and
- mapping, describing, and evaluating economic unions.
The student will apply social science skills to understand the global changes during the early twenty-first century by
- identifying contemporary political issues, with emphasis on migrations of refugees and others, ethnic/religious conflicts, and the impact of technology, including the role of social media and chemical and biological technologies;
- assessing the link between economic and political freedom;
- describing economic interdependence, including the rise of multinational corporations, international organizations, and trade agreements; and
- analyzing the increasing impact of terrorism.