Simulate the navigation of aircraft, using instrumentation.
- Global positioning system (GPS)
- Pilotage and dead reckoning
- Radio/radar or long range (LORAN)
- Map interpretation/topography
- Ground-based navigational aids (e.g., Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range [VOR], automatic direction finder [ADF])
- Magnetic variation
- Detection (air or ground)
- Inertia (through inertial navigation systems)
- Broadcasts for aircraft location (through beacons—Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range/Tactical Aircraft Control [VORTAC])
Related Standards of Learning
History and Social Science
The student will apply social science skills to understand political and social conditions in the United States during the early twenty-first century by
- assessing the development of and changes in domestic policies, with emphasis on the impact of the role the United States Supreme Court played in defining a constitutional right to privacy, affirming equal rights, and upholding the rule of law;
- evaluating and explaining the changes in foreign policies and the role of the United States in a world confronted by international terrorism, with emphasis on the American response to 9/11 (September 11, 2001);
- evaluating the evolving and changing role of government, including its role in the American economy; and
- explaining scientific and technological changes and evaluating their impact on American culture
The student will apply social science skills to understand the global changes during the early twenty-first century by
- identifying contemporary political issues, with emphasis on migrations of refugees and others, ethnic/religious conflicts, and the impact of technology, including the role of social media and chemical and biological technologies;
- assessing the link between economic and political freedom;
- describing economic interdependence, including the rise of multinational corporations, international organizations, and trade agreements; and
- analyzing the increasing impact of terrorism.
- arc length and area of sectors in circles using radians and degrees; and
- linear and angular velocity.