# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Electronics Systems III Task 1959147665

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Describe the atomic structure and construction methods of semiconductors.

Definition

Description should include the
  • atomic structure
    • identifying the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus
    • creating a diagram of the number of electrons in each orbital
  • definition of covalent bonding 
  • materials used
    • identifying pentavalent, trivalent, and pure semiconductor materials
    • providing an explanation of the doping process for creating N- and P-type semiconductor materials 
  • effects of temperature on semiconductive materials 
  • construction methods
    • identifying deposition, removal, patterning, and modification of electrical properties
  • explanation of current flow and hole flow in semiconductor material.

Process/Skill Questions

  • What is the atomic structure of semiconductor material?
  • What are some terms related to semiconductor construction?
  • How are the electrical properties of semiconductor devices modified?
  • How are semiconductor devices manufactured?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of donor and acceptor impurities?
  • What would happen if a negative temperature coefficient had no effect on semiconductor materials?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of germanium and silicon semiconductors?
  • What is the relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic material, with respect to donor impurities?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of N-type and P-type semiconductor materials?
  • How do pentavalent and trivalent materials compare, with respect to covalent bonding and majority/minority carriers?
  • What is the purpose of doping? How do electron-hole pairs work?

Related Standards of Learning

English

9.5

The student will read and analyze a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Apply knowledge of text features and organizational patterns to understand, analyze, and gain meaning from texts.
  2. Make inferences and draw conclusions based on explicit and implied information using evidence from text as support.
  3. Analyze the author’s qualifications, viewpoint, and impact.
  4. Recognize an author’s intended purpose for writing and identify the main idea.
  5. Summarize, paraphrase, and synthesize ideas, while maintaining meaning and a logical sequence of events, within and between texts.
  6. Identify characteristics of expository, technical, and persuasive texts.
  7. Identify a position/argument to be confirmed, disproved, or modified.
  8. Evaluate clarity and accuracy of information.
  9. Analyze, organize, and synthesize information in order to solve problems, answer questions, complete a task, or create a product.
  10. Differentiate between fact and opinion and evaluate their impact.
  11. Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
  12. Use the reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

10.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate nonfiction texts.
  1. Analyze text features and organizational patterns to evaluate the meaning of texts.
  2. Recognize an author’s intended audience and purpose for writing.
  3. Skim materials to develop an overview and locate information.
  4. Compare and contrast informational texts for intent and content.
  5. Interpret and use data and information in maps, charts, graphs, timelines, tables, and diagrams.
  6. Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support as evidence.
  7. Analyze and synthesize information in order to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge.
  8. Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
  9. Summarize, paraphrase, and synthesize ideas, while maintaining meaning and a logical sequence of events, within and between texts.
  10. Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension.

11.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts including employment documents and technical writing.
  1. Apply information from texts to clarify understanding of concepts.
  2. Read and correctly interpret an application for employment, workplace documents, or an application for college admission.
  3. Analyze technical writing for clarity.
  4. Paraphrase and synthesize ideas within and between texts.
  5. Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support.
  6. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  7. Analyze false premises, claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
  8. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  9. Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions about the text(s).

12.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.

Science

CH.2

The student will investigate and understand that the placement of elements on the periodic table is a function of their atomic structure. The periodic table is a tool used for the investigations of
  1. average atomic mass, mass number, and atomic number;
  2. isotopes, half lives, and radioactive decay;
  3. mass and charge characteristics of subatomic particles;
  4. families or groups;
  5. periods;
  6. trends including atomic radii, electronegativity, shielding effect, and ionization energy;
  7. electron configurations, valence electrons, and oxidation numbers;
  8. chemical and physical properties; and
  9. historical and quantum models.

Other Related Standards

ITEEA National Standards

16. Energy and Power Technologies