# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Electronics Systems II Task 1446406904

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.

Definition

Maintaining working knowledge of current IT systems may include, but is not limited to,
  • hardware and devices (e.g., peripherals)
  • software and applications
  • cloud-based services
  • file-sharing techniques
  • emerging technologies
  • troubleshooting protocols and techniques.
Microsoft Imagine Academy (MSIA) offers classroom resources and materials and instructional techniques that will help enhance instruction and learning for this concept. Using the school’s membership ID and product key for the Microsoft Imagine Academy, all resources are available through the MSIA Member Dashboard on the Microsoft site.
  • To access the curriculum resources, select the Classroom Tile from the member site.
  • To access downloadable curriculum resources including the MOAC e-Book, Lesson Plans, and Study Guides select Curriculum Overview - Curriculum Downloads.
  • To access Online Learning videos and tutorials select Online Learning Directory tile.
  • For more information visit: How to Get Started with Microsoft Imagine Academy Program.

Process/Skill Questions

  • What technology systems are common within a given industry?
  • How does one keep current with information technology?
  • What steps should be taken if there is a problem with technology in the workplace?

Related Standards of Learning

English

6.1

The student will use effective oral communication skills in a variety of settings.
  1. Listen actively and speak using appropriate discussion rules with awareness of verbal and nonverbal cues.
  2. Participate as a facilitator and a contributor in a group.
  3. Participate in collaborative discussions with partners building on others’ ideas.
  4. Ask questions to clarify the speaker’s purpose and perspective.
  5. Summarize the main points a speaker makes.
  6. Summarize and evaluate group activities.
  7. Analyze the effectiveness of participant interactions.
  8. Evaluate own contributions to discussions.
  9. Demonstrate the ability to collaborate with diverse teams.
  10. Work respectfully with others and show value for individual contributions.

6.3

The student will determine the purpose of media messages and examine how they are constructed.
  1. Compare and contrast techniques used in a variety of media messages.
  2. Identify the characteristics and effectiveness of a variety of media messages.
  3. Interpret information presented in diverse media formats and explain how it contributes to the topic.
  4. Craft and publish audience-specific media messages.

6.4

The student will read and determine the meanings of unfamiliar words and phrases within authentic texts.
  1. Identify word origins and derivations.
  2. Use roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to expand vocabulary.
  3. Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words.
  4. Identify and analyze the construction and impact of figurative language.
  5. Use word-reference materials.
  6. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

6.6

The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Skim materials using text features such as type, headings, and graphics to predict and categorize information.
  2. Identify main idea.
  3. Summarize supporting details.
  4. Create an objective summary including main idea and supporting details.
  5. Draw conclusions and make inferences based on explicit and implied information.
  6. Identify the author’s organizational pattern(s).
  7. Identify transitional words and phrases that signal an author’s organizational pattern.
  8. Differentiate between fact and opinion.
  9. Identify cause and effect relationships.
  10. Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
  11. Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

6.9

The student will find, evaluate, and select appropriate resources to create a research product.
  1. Formulate and revise questions about a research topic.
  2. Collect and organize information from multiple sources.
  3. Evaluate and analyze the validity and credibility of sources.
  4. Cite primary and secondary sources.
  5. Avoid plagiarism by using own words and follow ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information.
  6. Demonstrate ethical use of the Internet.

7.1

The student will participate in and contribute to conversations, group discussions, and oral presentations.
  1. Use a variety of strategies to listen actively and speak using agreed upon discussion rules with awareness of verbal and nonverbal cues.
  2. Clearly communicate ideas and information orally in an organized and succinct manner.
  3. Ask probing questions to seek elaboration and clarification of ideas.
  4. Participate in collaborative discussions with partners building on others’ ideas.
  5. Make statements to communicate agreement or tactful disagreement with others’ ideas.
  6. Use language and style appropriate to audience, topic, and purpose.
  7. Give formal and informal presentations in a group or individually, providing evidence to support a main idea.
  8. Work effectively and respectfully within diverse groups.
  9. Exhibit willingness to make necessary compromises to accomplish a goal.
  10. Share responsibility for collaborative work.

7.3

The student will examine the elements of media literacy.
  1. Identify persuasive/informative techniques used in media.
  2. Distinguish between fact and opinion, and between evidence and inference.
  3. Describe how word choice, visual images, and sound convey a viewpoint.
  4. Compare and contrast the effectiveness of techniques in auditory, visual, and written media messages.
  5. Craft and publish audience-specific media messages.

7.4

The student will read and determine the meanings of unfamiliar words and phrases within authentic texts.
  1. Identify word origins and derivations.
  2. Use roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to expand vocabulary.
  3. Identify and analyze the construction and impact of figurative language.
  4. Identify connotations.
  5. Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words.
  6. Use word-reference materials to determine meanings and etymology.
  7. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

7.6

The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Skim materials using text features including type, headings, and graphics to predict and categorize information.
  2. Identify an author’s organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases.
  3. Make inferences and draw logical conclusions using explicit and implied textual evidence.
  4. Differentiate between fact and opinion.
  5. Identify the source, viewpoint, and purpose of texts.
  6. Describe how word choice and language structure convey an author’s viewpoint.
  7. Identify the main idea.
  8. Summarize text identifying supporting details.
  9. Create an objective summary including main idea and supporting details.
  10. Identify cause and effect relationships.
  11. Organize and synthesize information for use in written and other formats.
  12. Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
  13. Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

7.9

The student will find, evaluate, and select appropriate resources to create a research product.
  1. Formulate and revise questions about a research topic.
  2. Collect, organize, and synthesize information from multiple sources.
  3. Analyze and evaluate the validity and credibility of resources.
  4. Quote, summarize, and paraphrase information from primary and secondary sources using proper citations.
  5. Avoid plagiarism by using own words and follow ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information.
  6. Demonstrate ethical use of the Internet.

8.1

The student will participate in, collaborate in, and report on small-group learning activities.
  1. Assume responsibility for specific group tasks and share responsibility for collaborative work within diverse teams.
  2. Exhibit willingness to make necessary compromises to accomplish a goal.
  3. Collaborate with others to exchange ideas, develop new understandings, make decisions, and solve problems.
  4. Include all group members, and value individual contributions made by each group member.
  5. Make statements to communicate agreement or tactful disagreement with others’ ideas.
  6. Use a variety of strategies to listen actively and speak using appropriate discussion rules with awareness of verbal and nonverbal cues.
  7. Use self-reflection to evaluate one’s own role in preparation and participation in small-group activities.

8.3

The student will analyze, develop, and produce creative or informational media messages.
  1. Analyze the purpose of information and persuasive techniques used in diverse media formats.
  2. Examine how values and viewpoints are included or excluded and how the media can influence beliefs, behaviors, and interpretations.
  3. Use media and visual literacy skills to create products to express new understandings.
  4. Evaluate sources for relationships between intent and factual content.
  5. Utilize multimedia to clarify information and emphasize differing points of view.
  6. Evaluate the motives (e.g., social, commercial, political) behind media presentation(s).
  7. Demonstrate the ethical use of the Internet when evaluating or producing creative or informational media messages.

8.4

The student will apply knowledge of word origins, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development within authentic texts.
  1. Identify and analyze the construction and impact of an author’s use of figurative language.
  2. Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meaning and differentiate among multiple meanings of words and phrases.
  3. Use roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to determine the meaning(s) of unfamiliar words and technical vocabulary.
  4. Identify the meaning of common idioms.
  5. Use word-reference materials to determine meanings and etymology.
  6. Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
  7. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

8.6

The student will read, comprehend, and analyze a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Identify an author’s organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases.
  2. Apply knowledge of text features and organizational patterns to analyze selections.
  3. Skim materials to develop an overview or locate information.
  4. Make inferences and draw conclusions based on explicit and implied information using evidence from text as support.
  5. Analyze the author’s qualifications, viewpoint, word choice, and impact.
  6. Analyze details for relevance and accuracy.
  7. Differentiate between fact and opinion.
  8. Identify the main idea.
  9. Summarize the text identifying supporting details.
  10. Identify cause and effect relationships.
  11. Evaluate, organize, and synthesize information for use in written and other formats.
  12. Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
  13. Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

8.9

The student will find, evaluate, select, and synthesize appropriate resources to produce a research product.
  1. Formulate and revise questions about a research topic.
  2. Collect and synthesize information from multiple sources.
  3. Evaluate and analyze the validity and credibility of resources.
  4. Analyze information gathered from diverse sources by identifying misconceptions, main and supporting ideas, conflicting information, point of view, or bias.
  5. Cite primary and secondary sources using Modern Language Association (MLA) or American Psychological Association (APA) style.
  6. Quote, summarize and paraphrase research findings.
  7. Publish findings and respond to feedback.
  8. Avoid plagiarism by using own words and follow ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information.
  9. Demonstrate ethical use of the Internet.

History and Social Science

CE.1

The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by

  1. analyzing and interpreting evidence from primary and secondary sources, including charts, graphs, and political cartoons;
  2. analyzing how political and economic trends influence public policy, using demographic information and other data sources;
  3. analyzing information to create diagrams, tables, charts, graphs, and spreadsheets;
  4. determining the accuracy and validity of information by separating fact and opinion and recognizing bias;
  5. constructing informed, evidence-based arguments from multiple sources;
  6. determining multiple cause-and-effect relationships that impact political and economic events;
  7. taking informed action to address school, community, local, state, national, and global issues;
  8. using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the costs and benefits of a specific choice;
  9. applying civic virtue and democratic principles to make collaborative decisions; and
  10. defending conclusions orally and in writing to a wide range of audiences, using evidence from sources.

CE.4

The student will demonstrate personal character traits that facilitate thoughtful and effective participation in civic life by

  1. practicing trustworthiness and honesty;
  2. practicing courtesy and respect for the rights of others;
  3. practicing responsibility, accountability, and self-reliance;
  4. practicing respect for the law;
  5. practicing patriotism;
  6. practicing thoughtful decision making; and
  7. practicing service to the school and/or local community.

CE.14

The student will apply social science skills to understand personal finance and career opportunities by

  1. identifying talents, interests, and aspirations that influence career choice;
  2. identifying human capital such as attitudes and behaviors that strengthen the individual work ethic and promote career success;
  3. identifying human capital such as abilities, skills, and education and the changing supply of and demand for them in the economy;
  4. examining the impact of technological change and globalization on career opportunities;
  5. describing the importance of education to lifelong personal finances; and
  6. analyzing the financial responsibilities of citizenship, including evaluating common forms of credit, savings, investments, purchases, contractual agreements, warranties, and guarantees.

GOVT.1

The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by

  1. planning inquiries by synthesizing information from diverse primary and secondary sources;
  2. analyzing how political and economic trends influence public policy, using demographic information and other data sources;
  3. comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives;
  4. evaluating critically the quality, accuracy, and validity of information to determine misconceptions, fact and opinion, and bias;
  5. constructing informed, analytic arguments using evidence from multiple sources to introduce and support substantive and significant claims;
  6. explaining how cause-and-effect relationships impact political and economic events;
  7. taking knowledgeable, constructive action, individually and collaboratively, to address school, community, local, state, national, and global issues;
  8. using a decision-making model to analyze the costs and benefits of a specific choice, considering incentives and possible consequences;
  9. applying civic virtues and democratic principles to make collaborative decisions; and
  10. communicating conclusions orally and in writing to a wide range of audiences, using evidence from multiple sources and citing specific sources.

USI.1

The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship, by

  1. analyzing and interpreting artifacts and primary and secondary sources to understand events in United States history;
  2. analyzing and interpreting geographic information to determine patterns and trends in United States history;
  3. interpreting charts, graphs, and pictures to determine characteristics of people, places, or events in United States history;
  4. using evidence to draw conclusions and make generalizations;
  5. comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, and political perspectives in United States history;
  6. determining relationships with multiple causes or effects in United States history;
  7. explaining connections across time and place;
  8. using a decision-making model to identify the costs and benefits of a specific choice made;
  9. identifying the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and the ethical use of material or intellectual property; and
  10. investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.

USII.1

The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by

  1. analyzing and interpreting artifacts and primary and secondary sources to understand events in United States history;
  2. analyzing and interpreting geographic information to determine patterns and trends in United States history;
  3. interpreting charts, graphs, and pictures to determine characteristics of people, places, or events in United States history;
  4. using evidence to draw conclusions and make generalizations;
  5. comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, and political perspectives in United States history;
  6. determining relationships with multiple causes or effects in United States history;
  7. explaining connections across time and place;
  8. using a decision-making model to identify costs and benefits of a specific choice made;
  9. identifying the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and the ethical use of material or intellectual property; and
  10. investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.

VUS.1

The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by

  1. synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in Virginia and United States history;
  2. using geographic information to determine patterns and trends in Virginia and United States history;
  3. interpreting charts, graphs, and pictures to determine characteristics of people, places, or events in Virginia and United States history;
  4. constructing arguments, using evidence from multiple sources;
  5. comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in Virginia and United States history;
  6. explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impact people, places, and events in Virginia and United States history;
  7. analyzing multiple connections across time and place;
  8. using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made;
  9. identifying the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and ethical use of material and intellectual property; and
  10. investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.

WG.1

The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by

  1. synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about the world’s countries, cities, and environments;
  2. using geographic information to determine patterns and trends to understand world regions;
  3. creating, comparing, and interpreting maps, charts, graphs, and pictures to determine characteristics of world regions;
  4. evaluating sources for accuracy, credibility, bias, and propaganda;
  5. using maps and other visual images to compare and contrast historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives;
  6. explaining indirect cause-and-effect relationships to understand geospatial connections;
  7. analyzing multiple connections across time and place;
  8. using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made;
  9. identifying the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and the ethical use of material or intellectual property; and
  10. investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.

WHI.1

The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by

  1. synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events in world history;
  2. using geographic information to determine patterns and trends to understand world history;
  3. interpreting charts, graphs, and pictures to determine characteristics of people, places, or events in world history;
  4. evaluating sources for accuracy, credibility, bias, and propaganda;
  5. comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in world history;
  6. explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impacted people, places, and events in world history;
  7. analyzing multiple connections across time and place;
  8. using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made;
  9. identifying the rights and responsibilities of citizens and ethical use of materials and intellectual property; and
  10. investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.

WHII.1

The student will demonstrate skills for historical thinking, geographical analysis, economic decision making, and responsible citizenship by

  1. synthesizing evidence from artifacts and primary and secondary sources to obtain information about events and life in world history;
  2. using geographic information to determine patterns and trends in world history;
  3. interpreting charts, graphs, and pictures to determine characteristics of people, places, or events in world history;
  4. evaluating sources for accuracy, credibility, bias, and propaganda;
  5. comparing and contrasting historical, cultural, economic, and political perspectives in world history;
  6. explaining how indirect cause-and-effect relationships impacted people, places, and events in world history;
  7. analyzing multiple connections across time and place;
  8. using a decision-making model to analyze and explain the incentives for and consequences of a specific choice made;
  9. identifying the rights and responsibilities of citizens and ethical use of materials and intellectual property; and
  10. investigating and researching to develop products orally and in writing.

Mathematics

7.8

The student will
  1. determine the theoretical and experimental probabilities of an event; and
  2. investigate and describe the difference between the experimental probability and theoretical probability of an event.

COM.1

The student will design and apply computer programs to solve practical problems in mathematics arising from business and applications in mathematics.

COM.2

The student will design, write, document, test, and debug, a computer program.

COM.7

The student will select and call library functions to process data, as appropriate.

COM.9

The student will implement pre-defined algorithms, including sort routines, search routines, and simple animation routines.

COM.10

The student will design and implement the input phase of a program, which will include designing screen layout, getting information into the program by way of user interaction and/or file input, and validating input.

COM.11

The student will design and implement the output phase of a computer program, which will include designing output layout, accessing available output devices, using output statements, and labeling results.

COM.16

The student will describe the way the computer stores, accesses, and processes variables, including the following topics: the use of variables versus constants, parameter passing, scope of variables, and local versus global variables.

COM.18

The student will debug a program using appropriate techniques (e.g., appropriately placed controlled breaks, the printing of intermediate results, other debugging tools available in the programming environment), and identify the difference among syntax errors, runtime errors, and logic errors.

PS.17

The student, given data from a large sample, will determine and interpret point estimates and confidence intervals for parameters. The parameters will include proportion and mean, difference between two proportions, difference between two means (independent and paired), and slope of a least-squares regression line.

Science

BIO.1

The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which
  1. observations of living organisms are recorded in the lab and in the field;
  2. hypotheses are formulated based on direct observations and information from scientific literature;
  3. variables are defined and investigations are designed to test hypotheses;
  4. graphing and arithmetic calculations are used as tools in data analysis;
  5. conclusions are formed based on recorded quantitative and qualitative data;
  6. sources of error inherent in experimental design are identified and discussed;
  7. validity of data is determined;
  8. chemicals and equipment are used in a safe manner;
  9. appropriate technology including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware is used for gathering and analyzing data, communicating results, modeling concepts, and simulating experimental conditions;
  10. research utilizes scientific literature;
  11. differentiation is made among a scientific hypothesis, theory, and law;
  12. alternative scientific explanations and models are recognized and analyzed; and
  13. current applications of biological concepts are used.

CH.1

The student will investigate and understand that experiments in which variables are measured, analyzed, and evaluated produce observations and verifiable data. Key concepts include
  1. designated laboratory techniques;
  2. safe use of chemicals and equipment;
  3. proper response to emergency situations;
  4. manipulation of multiple variables, using repeated trials;
  5. accurate recording, organization, and analysis of data through repeated trials;
  6. mathematical and procedural error analysis;
  7. mathematical manipulations including SI units, scientific notation, linear equations, graphing, ratio and proportion, significant digits, and dimensional analysis;
  8. use of appropriate technology including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware for gathering data, communicating results, and using simulations to model concepts;
  9. construction and defense of a scientific viewpoint; and
  10. the use of current applications to reinforce chemistry concepts.

ES.1

The student will plan and conduct investigations in which
  1. volume, area, mass, elapsed time, direction, temperature, pressure, distance, density, and changes in elevation/depth are calculated utilizing the most appropriate tools;
  2. technologies including computers, probeware, and geospatial technologies are used to collect, analyze, and report data and to demonstrate concepts and simulate experimental conditions;
  3. scales, diagrams, charts, graphs, tables, imagery, models, and profiles are constructed and interpreted;
  4. maps and globes are read and interpreted, including location by latitude and longitude;
  5. variables are manipulated with repeated trials; and
  6. current applications are used to reinforce Earth science concepts.

PH.1

The student will plan and conduct investigations using experimental design and product design processes. Key concepts include
  1. the components of a system are defined;
  2. instruments are selected and used to extend observations and measurements;
  3. information is recorded and presented in an organized format;
  4. the limitations of the experimental apparatus and design are recognized;
  5. the limitations of measured quantities are recognized through the appropriate use of significant figures or error ranges;
  6. models and simulations are used to visualize and explain phenomena, to make predictions from hypotheses, and to interpret data; and
  7. appropriate technology including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware is used for gathering and analyzing data and communicating results.

Other Related Standards

Instructional Resources for Workplace Readiness Skills

Information-Technology Systems Resources