Describe the chemistry of fire.
DefinitionDescription of the components of fire should include
- chemical reaction.
- gases (toxic)
- heat release
- What are the effects of fire on iron?
- How is heat energy best transported from one location to the next?
- What makes a flame blue?
- Why is it important to know the temperature thresholds at which elements change state?
- What effects does heat have on steam production?
- What are examples of endothermic and exothermic reactions?
- What do chemical suffixes (e.g., -ines, -ates, and -ides) tell us about the nature of chemicals and their composition?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will investigate and understand that the phases of matter are explained by kinetic theory and forces of attraction between particles. Key concepts include
- pressure, temperature, and volume;
- partial pressure and gas laws;
- vapor pressure;
- phase changes;
- molar heats of fusion and vaporization;
- specific heat capacity; and
- colligative properties.
The student will investigate and understand that energy transfer between the sun and Earth and its atmosphere drives weather and climate on Earth. Key concepts include
- observation and collection of weather data;
- prediction of weather patterns;
- severe weather occurrences, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and major storms; and
- weather phenomena and the factors that affect climate, including radiation, conduction, and convection.
The student will investigate and understand that energy can be transferred and transformed to provide usable work. Key concepts include
- transfer and storage of energy among systems, including mechanical, thermal, gravitational, electromagnetic, chemical, and nuclear systems; and
- efficiency of systems.