Interpret the results of DNA analysis.
DefinitionInterpretation should include the recognition of consistent patterns on DNA-simulated electrophoresis.
- How can DNA analysis be applied in our legal system?
- How does electrophoresis work?
- What are restriction enzymes?
- How are the DNA fragment bands measured?
- How is DNA typing done?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts including employment documents and technical writing.
- Apply information from texts to clarify understanding of concepts.
- Read and correctly interpret an application for employment, workplace documents, or an application for college admission.
- Analyze technical writing for clarity.
- Paraphrase and synthesize ideas within and between texts.
- Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support.
- Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
- Analyze false premises, claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions about the text(s).
The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
- Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
- Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which
- observations of living organisms are recorded in the lab and in the field;
- hypotheses are formulated based on direct observations and information from scientific literature;
- variables are defined and investigations are designed to test hypotheses;
- graphing and arithmetic calculations are used as tools in data analysis;
- conclusions are formed based on recorded quantitative and qualitative data;
- sources of error inherent in experimental design are identified and discussed;
- validity of data is determined;
- chemicals and equipment are used in a safe manner;
- appropriate technology including computers, graphing calculators, and probeware is used for gathering and analyzing data, communicating results, modeling concepts, and simulating experimental conditions;
- research utilizes scientific literature;
- differentiation is made among a scientific hypothesis, theory, and law;
- alternative scientific explanations and models are recognized and analyzed; and
- current applications of biological concepts are used.
The student will investigate and understand the chemical and biochemical principles essential for life. Key concepts include
- water chemistry and its impact on life processes;
- the structure and function of macromolecules;
- the nature of enzymes; and
- the capture, storage, transformation, and flow of energy through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration.
The student will investigate and understand common mechanisms of inheritance and protein synthesis. Key concepts include
- cell growth and division;
- gamete formation;
- cell specialization;
- prediction of inheritance of traits based on the Mendelian laws of heredity;
- historical development of the structural model of DNA;
- genetic variation;
- the structure, function, and replication of nucleic acids;
- events involved in the construction of proteins;
- use, limitations, and misuse of genetic information; and
- exploration of the impact of DNA technologies.