2018/2019 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Forensic Technology (8409/36 weeks)
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Personal Qualities and People Skills
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Professional Knowledge and Skills
- Demonstrate effective speaking and listening skills.
- Demonstrate effective reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
- Demonstrate healthy behaviors and safety skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of workplace organizations, systems, and climates.
- Demonstrate lifelong-learning skills.
- Demonstrate job-acquisition and advancement skills.
- Demonstrate time-, task-, and resource-management skills.
- Demonstrate job-specific mathematics skills.
- Demonstrate customer-service skills.
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Technology Knowledge and Skills
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Introducing Forensic Science
Establishing Lab Skills and Maintaining Safety
Exploring the Scientific Method
Applying Crime Scene Procedures
- Describe the historical precedents for gathering and admitting evidence.
- Describe the role of the crime scene/forensic investigator.
- Describe how a crime scene is investigated.
- Describe the legal considerations for working in a crime scene.
- Describe the services of the crime laboratory.
- Document a crime scene, using a sketch or scene documentation software.
- Document a crime scene, using photography.
- Describe witness-interview techniques.
- Describe evidence-collection techniques.
- Define the terms class characteristic and individual characteristic.
Examining Trace Evidence
- Identify the two types of trace evidence.
- Analyze trace evidence, using light microscopy.
- Describe the testing procedure for any piece of trace evidence.
- Describe sources of contamination for trace evidence and the ways to minimize that contamination.
- Define positive control and negative control.
- Interpret the results of a false-positive test and a false-negative test.
- Generate a comparison of two pieces of physical evidence.
- Describe bodily fluids.
Exploring Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Testing
- Describe how DNA technology has affected criminal justice.
- Describe the extraction and isolation of DNA from living cells.
- Describe the technologies used in identifying and analyzing DNA from a crime scene.
- Interpret the results of DNA analysis.
- Demonstrate the storage procedures for DNA testing evidence.
Analyzing Questioned Documents
Collecting and Analyzing Latent Fingerprints
- Identify the anatomy of a fingerprint and the fingerprint’s value in forensics.
- Describe the systems of analysis for fingerprints.
- Describe how to fingerprint subjects.
- Describe the materials used to take fingerprints from various surfaces.
- Identify fingerprint characteristics.
- Explain the procedures for analyzing latent prints.
- Describe the procedure to make casts and molds of shoe impressions.
- Describe the components of a tire impression analysis.
Exploring Toxicology and Controlled Substances
- Describe the role of the toxicologist in the forensic laboratory.
- Compare psychological and physical dependence.
- Classify the most commonly abused drugs, including toxicity and the effects on the body.
- Perform preliminary tests in drug identification analysis.
- Demonstrate the procedure to run thin layer chromatography (TLC) tests.
- Describe the utility of mass spectrometry for identification analysis.
- Describe how alcohol is processed through the body.
- Describe the procedure used to conduct the primary field sobriety tests.
- Analyze blood-alcohol concentration levels.
Exploring Forensic Serology
- Calculate blood type probabilities, using Punnett squares.
- Identify the A-B-O antigens and antibodies for each of the four blood types.
- Apply test procedures to validate the presence of bodily fluid evidence.
- Explain storage/preservation procedures for bodily fluid testing evidence.
- Describe the types of blood-spatter patterns.
- Conduct a blood spatter analysis to re-create a violent event.
Analyzing Forensic Aspects of Arson and Explosion Investigations
- Describe the chemistry of fire.
- List the conditions necessary to initiate and sustain combustion.
- Identify the signs of an accelerant-initiated fire.
- Identify the methods used in searching a fire scene.
- Describe how to collect and preserve arson evidence.
- Analyze flammable residues.
- Describe the types of explosives and their evidence, post-detonation.
Analyzing Tool Marks, Firearms, and Other Impressions
- Describe the significance of tool mark impressions in criminal investigations.
- Analyze tool marks by matching marks to the tool that produced them.
- Distinguish among firearm characteristics.
- Distinguish between a bullet and a cartridge.
- Describe the testing procedures used for gunshot residue.
- Describe how a gun barrel affects the flight of a projectile.
- Describe the relationship between barrel size and caliber.
- Demonstrate ballistics recovery and examination at a crime scene.
- Determine the position of the shooter, based on bullet trajectory.
- Compare firing pin impressions from different sources.
- Distinguish among internal ballistics, external ballistics, and terminal ballistics.
Investigating Medicolegal Death
- Describe the stages of postmortem tissue degeneration, including autolysis and putrefaction.
- Define cause, manner, and mechanism of death.
- Compare the coroner and medical examiner systems and responsibilities.
- Describe causes of death and their associated injury patterns and characteristics.
- Describe the legal necessity of establishing postmortem interval (PMI).
Exploring Forensic Anthropology and Forensic Entomology
- Define the terms forensic anthropology and forensic entomology.
- Differentiate between a male skeleton and a female skeleton.
- Determine an age range of a subject, based on the remains.
- Describe the differences in skull features used to determine the race of a subject’s remains.
- Determine a subject’s height by analyzing the long bones of the body.
- Describe the stages of insect metamorphosis in estimating time of death.