CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

2018/2019 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Forensic Technology (8409/36 weeks)

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

Expand all

Ajax loader

Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Personal Qualities and People Skills

  1. Demonstrate positive work ethic.
  2. Demonstrate integrity.
  3. Demonstrate teamwork skills.
  4. Demonstrate self-representation skills.
  5. Demonstrate diversity awareness.
  6. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  7. Demonstrate creativity and resourcefulness.

Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Professional Knowledge and Skills

  1. Demonstrate effective speaking and listening skills.
  2. Demonstrate effective reading and writing skills.
  3. Demonstrate critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
  4. Demonstrate healthy behaviors and safety skills.
  5. Demonstrate an understanding of workplace organizations, systems, and climates.
  6. Demonstrate lifelong-learning skills.
  7. Demonstrate job-acquisition and advancement skills.
  8. Demonstrate time-, task-, and resource-management skills.
  9. Demonstrate job-specific mathematics skills.
  10. Demonstrate customer-service skills.

Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Technology Knowledge and Skills

  1. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies common to a specific occupation.
  2. Demonstrate information technology skills.
  3. Demonstrate an understanding of Internet use and security issues.
  4. Demonstrate telecommunications skills.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Introducing Forensic Science

  1. Define the term forensic science.
  2. Identify careers that use forensic technology.
  3. Describe the applied skill of deductive reasoning in forensic analysis.
  4. Defend a scientific argument.

Establishing Lab Skills and Maintaining Safety

  1. Demonstrate general lab skills necessary to the field of forensic science.
  2. Describe lab safety skills related to the forensic sciences.

Exploring the Scientific Method

  1. Demonstrate the key steps of the scientific method in forensic analysis by collecting and preserving evidence from a crime scene.
  2. Describe the difference between presumptive testing and confirmatory testing.
  3. Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations.

Applying Crime Scene Procedures

  1. Describe the historical precedents for gathering and admitting evidence.
  2. Describe the role of the crime scene/forensic investigator.
  3. Describe how a crime scene is investigated.
  4. Describe the legal considerations for working in a crime scene.
  5. Describe the services of the crime laboratory.
  6. Document a crime scene, using a sketch or scene documentation software.
  7. Document a crime scene, using photography.
  8. Describe witness-interview techniques.
  9. Describe evidence-collection techniques.
  10. Define the terms class characteristic and individual characteristic.

Examining Trace Evidence

  1. Identify the two types of trace evidence.
  2. Analyze trace evidence, using light microscopy.
  3. Describe the testing procedure for any piece of trace evidence.
  4. Describe sources of contamination for trace evidence and the ways to minimize that contamination.
  5. Define positive control and negative control.
  6. Interpret the results of a false-positive test and a false-negative test.
  7. Generate a comparison of two pieces of physical evidence.
  8. Describe bodily fluids.

Exploring Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Testing

  1. Describe how DNA technology has affected criminal justice.
  2. Describe the extraction and isolation of DNA from living cells.
  3. Describe the technologies used in identifying and analyzing DNA from a crime scene.
  4. Interpret the results of DNA analysis.
  5. Demonstrate the storage procedures for DNA testing evidence.

Analyzing Questioned Documents

  1. Describe the methods used to authenticate original documents.
  2. Demonstrate techniques in ink analysis.
  3. Describe the methods used in comparing handwriting samples.
  4. Analyze alterations made to documents.

Collecting and Analyzing Latent Fingerprints

  1. Identify the anatomy of a fingerprint and the fingerprint’s value in forensics.
  2. Describe the systems of analysis for fingerprints.
  3. Describe how to fingerprint subjects.
  4. Describe the materials used to take fingerprints from various surfaces.
  5. Identify fingerprint characteristics.
  6. Explain the procedures for analyzing latent prints.
  7. Describe the procedure to make casts and molds of shoe impressions.
  8. Describe the components of a tire impression analysis.

Exploring Toxicology and Controlled Substances

  1. Describe the role of the toxicologist in the forensic laboratory.
  2. Compare psychological and physical dependence.
  3. Classify the most commonly abused drugs, including toxicity and the effects on the body.
  4. Perform preliminary tests in drug identification analysis.
  5. Demonstrate the procedure to run thin layer chromatography (TLC) tests.
  6. Describe the utility of mass spectrometry for identification analysis.
  7. Describe how alcohol is processed through the body.
  8. Describe the procedure used to conduct the primary field sobriety tests.
  9. Analyze blood-alcohol concentration levels.

Exploring Forensic Serology

  1. Calculate blood type probabilities, using Punnett squares.
  2. Identify the A-B-O antigens and antibodies for each of the four blood types.
  3. Apply test procedures to validate the presence of bodily fluid evidence.
  4. Explain storage/preservation procedures for bodily fluid testing evidence.
  5. Describe the types of blood-spatter patterns.
  6. Conduct a blood spatter analysis to re-create a violent event.

Analyzing Forensic Aspects of Arson and Explosion Investigations

  1. Describe the chemistry of fire.
  2. List the conditions necessary to initiate and sustain combustion.
  3. Identify the signs of an accelerant-initiated fire.
  4. Identify the methods used in searching a fire scene.
  5. Describe how to collect and preserve arson evidence.
  6. Analyze flammable residues.
  7. Describe the types of explosives and their evidence, post-detonation.

Analyzing Tool Marks, Firearms, and Other Impressions

  1. Describe the significance of tool mark impressions in criminal investigations.
  2. Analyze tool marks by matching marks to the tool that produced them.
  3. Distinguish among firearm characteristics.
  4. Distinguish between a bullet and a cartridge.
  5. Describe the testing procedures used for gunshot residue.
  6. Describe how a gun barrel affects the flight of a projectile.
  7. Describe the relationship between barrel size and caliber.
  8. Demonstrate ballistics recovery and examination at a crime scene.
  9. Determine the position of the shooter, based on bullet trajectory.
  10. Compare firing pin impressions from different sources.
  11. Distinguish among internal ballistics, external ballistics, and terminal ballistics.

Investigating Medicolegal Death

  1. Describe the stages of postmortem tissue degeneration, including autolysis and putrefaction.
  2. Define cause, manner, and mechanism of death.
  3. Compare the coroner and medical examiner systems and responsibilities.
  4. Describe causes of death and their associated injury patterns and characteristics.
  5. Describe the legal necessity of establishing postmortem interval (PMI).

Exploring Forensic Anthropology and Forensic Entomology

  1. Define the terms forensic anthropology and forensic entomology.
  2. Differentiate between a male skeleton and a female skeleton.
  3. Determine an age range of a subject, based on the remains.
  4. Describe the differences in skull features used to determine the race of a subject’s remains.
  5. Determine a subject’s height by analyzing the long bones of the body.
  6. Describe the stages of insect metamorphosis in estimating time of death.