Explain the host immune response to foreign substances.
DefinitionExplanation should include
- first line of defense against infection
- components and general function of natural immunity
- function of adaptive immunity
- comparison of the cellular and humoral components of adaptive immunity
- three immunologically functional groups of leukocytes
- five steps and general activities in phagocytosis
- types of lymphocytes and the function of each type
- definitions of antigen and antibody
- characteristics of antigens
- characteristics of antibodies
- five classes of antibodies.
- What are the five classes of antibodies?
- How does a lymphocyte function?
- What is adaptive or acquired immunity?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
- Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, to understand complex words.
- Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
- Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
- Explain the meaning of common idioms, and literary and classical allusions in text.
- Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
- Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
- Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
- Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.