# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Medical Laboratory Technology II Task 2053576506

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Explain polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing.


Explanation should include the concepts that PCR testing is a relatively quick procedure for analyzing deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) without the need for cloning and that it is commonly used for diagnosing genetic diseases.

Process/Skill Questions

  • What is a nucleotide? What is the role of nucleotides in PCR testing?
  • Why are amino acid sequences important in PCR?
  • How can a DNA segment be replicated?
  • What was the purpose of the Human Genome Project?

Related Standards of Learning



The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.



The student will investigate and understand common mechanisms of inheritance and protein synthesis. Key concepts include
  1. cell growth and division;
  2. gamete formation;
  3. cell specialization;
  4. prediction of inheritance of traits based on the Mendelian laws of heredity;
  5. historical development of the structural model of DNA;
  6. genetic variation;
  7. the structure, function, and replication of nucleic acids;
  8. events involved in the construction of proteins;
  9. use, limitations, and misuse of genetic information; and
  10. exploration of the impact of DNA technologies.

Other Related Standards

HOSA Competitive Events

Health Science Events


Medical Spelling


Medical Terminology


Health Professions Events


Biomedical Laboratory Science