Describe the history and current state of the opioid crisis in Virginia.
Description should include
- the relationship between opioid prescribing and illicit opioid use to overall opioid overdose deaths
- the prevalence of co-occurring mental health disorders
- the shift in attitudes in the 1990s toward pain management and use of opioids, including the role of pharmaceutical marketing
- the stigma associated with addiction and the changing view of addiction from a moral failing to a chronic, relapsing disease
- statistics, trends, and demographics surrounding the crisis
- population health and other public health aspects of the crisis, including its effects on family and neonates, as well as overall health costs
- the Virginia Department of Health’s Declaration of a Public Health Emergency on November 21, 2016
- proposed legislation to address the crisis in Virginia (i.e., House Bill 2161 and Senate Bill 1179, which require the secretary of health and human resources to convene a workgroup to establish educational guidelines for training healthcare providers in the safe prescribing and appropriate use of opioids)
- the development of curricula and educational standards regarding opioid addiction.
- What agencies participated in the governor’s task meeting on the opioid crisis?
- What educational organizations will be tasked with providing opioid training to their students?
- What is the benefit of educating future medical professionals about opioid addiction?
- What is the current attitude in society about opioid use and addiction?
- How is the local community affected by the opioid epidemic?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
- Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
- Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
- Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
The student will analyze, evaluate, synthesize, and organize information from a variety of credible resources to produce a research product.
- Frame, analyze, and synthesize information to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge.
- Analyze information gathered from diverse sources by identifying misconceptions, main and supporting ideas, conflicting information, point of view, or bias.
- Critically evaluate the accuracy, quality, and validity of the information.
- Cite sources for both quoted and paraphrased ideas using a standard method of documentation, such as that of the Modern Language Association (MLA) or the American Psychological Association (APA).
- Define the meaning and consequences of plagiarism and follow ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information.
- Demonstrate ethical use of the Internet.