Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
Explanation should include
- definition of pain from the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP)
- neurobiological basis of pain
- biopsychosocial model of pain
- types of pain (e.g., neuropathic)
- acute, sub-acute, and chronic pain, including pain generation
- spinal and brain modulation, behavioral adaptation and maladaptation, and the continuum from acute to chronic disabling pain
- the underlying science of pain relief.
- What is the IASP definition of pain?
- How can a medical professional get a patient to describe physiological pain?
- What assessment tools can be used to help patients describe physiological pain? How do tools differ for describing mental pain?
- How are pain and levels of pain categorized?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
- Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, to understand complex words.
- Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
- Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
- Explain the meaning of common idioms, and literary and classical allusions in text.
- Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.
The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
- Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
- Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
- Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.