2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Medical Laboratory Technology II (8378/36 weeks)
NOTE: This course has specific state laws and regulations from a governing medical board or agency. Please contact the Virginia Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education prior to implementing this course. All inquiries may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Work-Based Learning
Applying the Principles of Hemostasis/Coagulation
- Describe basic human anatomy and physiology in relation to hemostasis/coagulation.
- Interpret common abbreviations related to hemostasis/coagulation.
- Interpret basic medical laboratory terminology related to hemostasis/coagulation.
- Explain the concepts of hemostasis/coagulation.
- Explain the use of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) testing.
- Explain the importance of point-of-care testing.
- Correlate abnormal hemostasis/coagulation laboratory results with disease processes.
Understanding the Basics of Immunology/Serology
- Describe basic human anatomy and physiology in relation to immunology/serology.
- Interpret common abbreviations used in immunology/serology.
- Interpret basic medical laboratory terminology related to immunology/serology.
- Explain the host immune response to foreign substances.
- Describe common serological tests.
- Perform an enzyme immunoassay.
- Correlate abnormal immunological/serological laboratory results with disease processes.
Performing Basic Microbiology Skills
- Describe basic human anatomy and physiology in relation to microbiology.
- Interpret common abbreviations used in microbiology.
- Interpret basic medical laboratory terminology related to microbiology.
- Explain the importance of collection requirements for the various specimens used in microbiological studies.
- Perform microscopy and Gram stain preparation.
- Identify classifications of microorganisms based on cell wall structure.
- Explain the concept of a pure and/or isolative culture.
- Perform inoculation of patient specimen.
- Perform isolation or subculture of microbes.
- Explain the basic concepts of antibiotics and their classes.
- Explain the concept of antibiotic susceptibility testing.
- Describe basic identification techniques used to differentiate bacteria.
- Explain the causes and significance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other antibiotic-resistant organisms.
- Explain the basic characteristics of the most common yeast/fungi encountered in the clinical lab.
Understanding the Basics of Immunohematology/Transfusion Services
- Describe basic human anatomy and physiology in relation to immunohematology/transfusion.
- Interpret common abbreviations used in immunohematology/transfusion services.
- Interpret basic medical laboratory terminology related to immunohematology/transfusion services.
- Explain how each blood group is identified.
- Perform or simulate an antigen and antibody reaction in transfusion medicine.
- Explain the various red blood cell components and derivatives used for transfusion.
- Explain compatibility testing of blood.
- Explain legal and medical ramifications of potential errors in immunohematology and transfusion services, as well as potential consequences.
Understanding the Basics of Molecular Diagnostics
- Describe basic human anatomy and physiology in relation to molecular diagnostics.
- Interpret common abbreviations used in molecular diagnostics.
- Interpret basic medical laboratory terminology related to molecular diagnostics.
- Explain the advantages, disadvantages, and uses of molecular diagnostics.
- Explain polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing.
- Perform PCR testing.
Exploring Professional Choices
- Explain the importance of a professional demeanor on the part of all healthcare professionals.
- Demonstrate the importance of confidentiality in the medical laboratory technology field.
- Describe employment-related tests and background checks in the medical laboratory technology field.
- Research career paths in medical laboratory technology, to include the levels of education and job opportunities applicable within each pathway.
- Describe credentialing in the medical laboratory technology profession.
- Explain the importance of professional development for medical laboratory technology professionals.
- Prepare and present a research project on a topic or question related to medical laboratory technology.
Describing the Opioid Crisis
Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction
- Examine the science of addiction.
- Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
- Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
- Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
- Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.
Understanding Pain Management Protocols
- Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
- Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
- Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
- Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
- Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
- Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
- Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
- Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
- Explain community resources for education about opioid use.