Demonstrate precautions as prescribed by health and regulatory agencies.
- identification of the primary roles of
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- The Joint Commission regarding safety and health precautions for patients and employees in the healthcare environment.
- use of protective barriers, such as gloves, gowns, aprons, masks, or protective eyewear
- implementation of precautions to prevent injuries caused by needles, scalpels, and other sharp instruments or devices.
- To prevent airborne transmission
- special air handling and ventilation systems
- particulate respirators
- To prevent droplet transmission
- single-patient room or curtained space for patient
- mask for patient during transport
- change of mask and other protective attire and performance of hand hygiene between contact with infected patient and contact with other patients
- To prevent contact transmission
- hand hygiene
- donning of PPE before room entry and discarding before exiting the patient’s room
- cleaning and disinfection of patient-care devices and instruments and other sources of indirect transmission after patient contact
- What is the difference between Standard Precautions and universal precautions?
- What is the role of the CDC in protecting healthcare personnel and patients?
- What are examples of airborne infections and of infections transmitted by droplets? How do the transmission precautions differ for these two types of infections?
- What is the difference between direct and indirect contact transmission of infection? What are examples of each? What precautions are necessary for each?
Related Standards of Learning
- Frame, analyze, and synthesize information to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge.
- Analyze information gathered from diverse sources by identifying misconceptions, main and supporting ideas, conflicting information, point of view, or bias.
- Critically evaluate the accuracy, quality, and validity of the information.
- Cite sources for both quoted and paraphrased ideas using a standard method of documentation, such as that of the Modern Language Association (MLA) or the American Psychological Association (APA).
- Define the meaning and consequences of plagiarism and follow ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information.
- Demonstrate ethical use of the Internet.
History and Social Science
The student will apply social science skills to understand the social, political, and cultural movements and changes in the United States during the second half of the twentieth century by
- explaining the factors that led to United States expansion;
- evaluating and explaining the impact of the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the roles of Thurgood Marshall and Oliver W. Hill, Sr., and how Virginia responded to the decision;
- explaining how the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the 1963 March on Washington, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) had an impact on all Americans;
- analyzing changes in immigration policy and the impact of increased immigration;
- evaluating and explaining the foreign and domestic policies pursued by the American government after the Cold War;
- explaining how scientific and technological advances altered American lives; and
- evaluating and explaining the changes that occurred in American culture.
The student will apply social science skills to understand political and social conditions in the United States during the early twenty-first century by
- assessing the development of and changes in domestic policies, with emphasis on the impact of the role the United States Supreme Court played in defining a constitutional right to privacy, affirming equal rights, and upholding the rule of law;
- evaluating and explaining the changes in foreign policies and the role of the United States in a world confronted by international terrorism, with emphasis on the American response to 9/11 (September 11, 2001);
- evaluating the evolving and changing role of government, including its role in the American economy; and
- explaining scientific and technological changes and evaluating their impact on American culture