Identify on a skeleton the bones and major bony landmarks of the lower extremity and pelvis.
DefinitionIdentification should include
- pelvis/innominate bones
- ilium (iliac fossa, anterior superior iliac spine [ASIS], anterior inferior iliac spine [AIIS], posterior superior iliac spine [PSIS], and greater sciatic notch)
- ischium (lesser sciatic notch, ischial spine, ischial tuberosity, superior ramus, and inferior ramus)
- pubis (superior ramus, inferior ramus, pubic symphysis, obturator foramen, and acetabulum)
- femur (head, neck, shaft, greater trochanter, lesser trochanter, medial and lateral condyles, medial and lateral epicondyles, and linea aspera)
- patella (apex, base, and articular surfaces)
- tibia (medial and lateral condyle, tibial tuberosity, tibial spine, shaft, medial malleolus, and tibial plateau)
- fibula (head, shaft, lateral malleolus, and styloid process)
- tarsals (calcaneus, talus, navicular cuboid, and cuneiforms)
- metatarsals (head, shaft, and base)
- phalanges (head, shaft, and base).
- What is the longest, strongest bone in the body?
- How are the ASIS and PSIS significant landmarks for postural assessment?
- What is the layman’s term for lateral malleolus?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will investigate and understand life functions of Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya. Key concepts include
- comparison of their metabolic activities;
- maintenance of homeostasis;
- how the structures and functions vary among and within the Eukarya kingdoms of protists, fungi, plants, and animals, including humans;
- human health issues, human anatomy, and body systems;
- how viruses compare with organisms; and
- evidence supporting the germ theory of infectious disease.