2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Physical/Occupational Therapy II (8366/36 weeks, 280 hours)
NOTE: This course has specific state laws and regulations from a governing medical board or agency. Please contact the Virginia Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education Services prior to implementing this course. All inquiries may be sent to email@example.com.
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Work-Based Learning
Demonstrating Basic Anatomy Concepts
- Describe body regions and body parts, using medical terminology.
- Locate body regions and body parts, using palpation.
- Identify anatomical positions.
- Demonstrate movement patterns and positions, using planes, axes of motion, major joints, and medical terminology.
- Describe the major joints of the body.
- Locate the major joints of the body, using palpation.
- Classify the major joints of the body.
- Demonstrate an example of each type of therapeutic exercise, including isometric and isotonic exercises.
- Describe the bones and bony landmarks of the human skeleton.
- Locate bones and bony landmarks, using palpation.
- Describe basic muscle morphology from the epimysium to the sarcomere.
- Describe the chain of events that results in muscle contraction.
- Describe each functional role of muscle (e.g., prime mover, synergist, stabilizer, etc.).
- Define general origins, insertions, and actions of muscles throughout the body.
Identifying Anatomy of the Lower Extremity
- Identify the origin, insertion, action(s), and innervation (nerve) of each lower extremity muscle.
- Identify on a skeleton the bones and major bony landmarks of the lower extremity and pelvis.
- Palpate bony landmarks of the lower extremity.
- Describe the structures and functions of the lower extremity joints.
- Describe the structure and function of the lumbosacral plexus and its relationship to lower extremity muscular innervation.
- Outline the arterial supply to the lower extremity.
- Demonstrate the joint movement when given a lower extremity muscle or muscle group.
- Investigate the lower extremity musculoskeletal structures.
Identifying Anatomy of the Upper Extremity
- Identify the origin, insertion, action(s), and innervation (nerve) of each upper extremity muscle.
- Describe the structures and functions of the upper extremity joints.
- Palpate bony landmarks of the upper extremity.
- Describe the structure and function of the brachial plexus and its relationship to upper extremity muscular innervation.
- Describe the arterial supply to the upper extremity.
- Investigate the upper extremity musculoskeletal structures.
Identifying Anatomy of the Head, Neck, and Trunk
- Identify the origin, insertion, action, and innervation of each head, neck, and trunk muscle.
- Identify on a skeleton the bones and major bony landmarks of the skull, vertebral column, and pelvis.
- Palpate the major bony landmarks of the head, neck, and trunk.
- Describe the structures and functions of the joints of the spinal column and pelvis.
- Identify the normal curves of the vertebral column from the lateral view.
- Describe the structure and function of an intervertebral disc.
- Compare the anatomical features of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae that enable identification of these vertebrae.
- Identify the function of the abdominals in inspiration and expiration.
- Identify the four major muscles of mastication.
- Describe the general effects of aging and injury on the structure and function of the vertebral column.
- Investigate the musculoskeletal structures of the head, neck, and trunk.
- Describe the general effects of aging and injury on the structure and function of the upper extremities.
- Describe the general effects of aging and injury on the structure and function of the lower extremities.
Preparing for Careers in the Rehabilitation Field
- Describe the variety of career fields related to rehabilitation.
- Explain the differences among the duties of the physical therapist, physical therapist assistant, occupational therapist, and occupational therapy assistant.
- Describe the requirements for licensure and credentialing in PT and OT.
- Complete a clinical observation experience.
Describing the Opioid Crisis
Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction
- Examine the science of addiction.
- Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
- Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
- Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
- Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.
Understanding Pain Management Protocols
- Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
- Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
- Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
- Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
- Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
- Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
- Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
- Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
- Explain community resources for education about opioid use.