CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

2018/2019 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Home Health Aide (8364/36 weeks)

NOTE: This course has specific state laws and regulations from a governing medical board or agency. Please contact the Virginia Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education Services prior to implementing this course. All inquiries may be sent to cte@doe.virginia.gov.

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

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Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Personal Qualities and People Skills

  1. Demonstrate positive work ethic.
  2. Demonstrate integrity.
  3. Demonstrate teamwork skills.
  4. Demonstrate self-representation skills.
  5. Demonstrate diversity awareness.
  6. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  7. Demonstrate creativity and resourcefulness.

Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Professional Knowledge and Skills

  1. Demonstrate effective speaking and listening skills.
  2. Demonstrate effective reading and writing skills.
  3. Demonstrate critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
  4. Demonstrate healthy behaviors and safety skills.
  5. Demonstrate an understanding of workplace organizations, systems, and climates.
  6. Demonstrate lifelong-learning skills.
  7. Demonstrate job-acquisition and advancement skills.
  8. Demonstrate time-, task-, and resource-management skills.
  9. Demonstrate job-specific mathematics skills.
  10. Demonstrate customer-service skills.

Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Technology Knowledge and Skills

  1. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies common to a specific occupation.
  2. Demonstrate information technology skills.
  3. Demonstrate an understanding of Internet use and security issues.
  4. Demonstrate telecommunications skills.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Exploring Employment

  1. Identify job opportunities in home health care.
  2. Identify professional dress, personal hygiene, and other necessary traits of a home health aide.
  3. Explain the Client’s Bill of Rights and how it relates to daily care.
  4. Explain client confidentiality and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA).
  5. Explain ethics related to home health care.
  6. Identify roles of home health care team members, including the legal responsibilities of each.
  7. Explain the need for a criminal background investigation as a condition for employment in the home health care field.
  8. Differentiate between Medicare, Medicaid, private insurance, and private pay.

Identifying Concepts Related to Life Span

  1. Identify the basic human needs of individuals and families across the life span.
  2. Explain the psychosocial challenges individuals experience across the life span.
  3. Describe the diverse effects of aging.
  4. Distinguish facts from stereotypes and myths regarding older adults and the aging process.

Managing Interpersonal Relations

  1. Describe communication strategies.
  2. Identify methods of developing good relationships with a client and a client's family.
  3. Describe the influences of cultural diversity on interpersonal relations.

Understanding Safety

  1. Demonstrate proper hand-washing techniques.
  2. Implement standard precautions.
  3. Demonstrate proper body mechanics.
  4. Identify procedures for maintaining a safe home environment.
  5. Identify fire safety procedures for the home.
  6. Identify fall-prevention strategies.
  7. Identify emergencies related to home heating equipment.
  8. Demonstrate techniques for the safe use of home electrical equipment.
  9. Explain policies regarding accidents, damages, and injuries that occur in the home.
  10. Identify responses to home plumbing emergencies.
  11. Explain home pest-control measures and safety precautions.
  12. Describe the use of chemical, physical, and environmental client restraints.
  13. Identify safety measures for the automobile transport of a client.
  14. Describe the protocol for personal safety.
  15. Identify disaster procedures.

Understanding Body Systems and Disorders

  1. Describe human body organization.
  2. Identify the major structures and functions of the integumentary system.
  3. Identify common disorders of the integumentary system.
  4. Identify the major structures and functions of the circulatory system.
  5. Identify common disorders of the circulatory system.
  6. Identify the major structures and functions of the respiratory system.
  7. Identify common disorders of the respiratory system.
  8. Identify the major structures and functions of the nervous system.
  9. Identify common disorders of the nervous system, including Alzheimer's Disease.
  10. Identify the major structures and functions of the musculoskeletal system.
  11. Identify common disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
  12. Identify the major structures and functions of the male and female reproductive systems.
  13. Identify common disorders of the male and female reproductive systems.
  14. Identify the major structures and functions of the urinary system.
  15. Identify common disorders of the urinary system.
  16. Identify the major structures and functions of the gastrointestinal system.
  17. Identify common disorders of the gastrointestinal system.
  18. Identify the major structures and functions of the endocrine system.
  19. Identify common disorders of the endocrine system.
  20. Identify the major structures and functions of the sensory system.
  21. Identify common disorders of the sensory system.
  22. Identify the major structures and functions of the lymphatic system.
  23. Identify common disorders of the lymphatic system.

Monitoring, Reporting, and Recording Client's Status

  1. Demonstrate the use of medical terminology and abbreviations.
  2. Measure and record intake and output as prescribed in the client care plan.
  3. Measure and record vital signs as prescribed in the care plan.
  4. Assess a client's mental status.
  5. Report and record untoward changes or occurrences in a client’s status.
  6. Complete agency forms and records pertaining to a health care visit.

Providing Personal Care

  1. Make occupied and unoccupied beds.
  2. Provide client hygiene as prescribed in the client care plan.
  3. Dress and undress a client as prescribed in the client care plan.
  4. Provide skin care, including monitoring skin breakdown.
  5. Administer oral hygiene, including dental care and special mouth care.
  6. Provide personal grooming assistance.
  7. Provide perineal care, including catheter care.
  8. Assist a client in using mechanical aids for elimination.
  9. Conduct range-of-motion exercises.
  10. Turn and position a client.
  11. Transfer client, including the use of a mechanical lift.
  12. Assist a client in ambulation, including the use of assistive devices.
  13. Transport a client, using a wheelchair.
  14. Assist a client with physical exercise.
  15. Assist a client in following a physician’s orders regarding medications and treatments.

Managing a Client's Personal Affairs

  1. Explain the principles of time management for client.
  2. Explain the principles of money management for a client.
  3. Purchase food, clothing, and household goods for a client in accordance with a budget and client's requests.
  4. Manage phone calls for a client.
  5. Make a health care appointment for client.

Managing the Home Environment

  1. Explain the importance of maintaining a clean environment.
  2. Identify cleaning and sanitation methods for the home.
  3. Analyze housekeeping tasks.
  4. Identify types of cleaning supplies for the home.
  5. Clean a client's environment.
  6. Care for a client's laundry.
  7. Teach a client and a client's family to maintain a clean environment.

Understanding Nutrition and Meal Preparation

  1. Describe the food groups of ChooseMyPlate.
  2. Explain dietary needs for persons in various age groups.
  3. Explain common therapeutic diets.
  4. Maintain hydration of a client.
  5. Identify problems that can affect the nutrition of persons with various medical needs.
  6. Demonstrate sanitary food handling and storage practices.
  7. Demonstrate the use of kitchen utensils and appliances.
  8. Prepare a simple breakfast, lunch, and supper.
  9. Demonstrate feeding techniques based on the client care plan.
  10. Prepare an environment for mealtime.

Responding to Emergencies

  1. Identify general first aid concepts.
  2. Control external bleeding.
  3. Administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
  4. Administer ABD compressions to conscious and unconscious choking victims.
  5. Identify first aid procedures for a musculoskeletal injury.
  6. Identify first aid procedures for an animal bite.
  7. Identify first aid procedures for a burn.
  8. Identify the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and responding procedures.
  9. Identify the signs and symptoms of a stroke and responding procedures.
  10. Identify the signs and symptoms of a seizure and responding procedures.
  11. Identify the signs and symptoms of poisoning and responding procedures.
  12. Identify the signs and symptoms of shock and responding procedures.
  13. Identify the signs and symptoms of heat and cold exposure and responding procedures.

Examining Dying, Hospice Care, and Death

  1. Describe advance directives.
  2. Identify different cultural beliefs and practices related to dying and death.
  3. Analyze the stages of dying.
  4. Identify the physical signs of impending death.
  5. Describe the role of a home health aide in caring for the terminally ill.
  6. Identify the responsibilities of a home health aide when a client dies.

Describing the Opioid Crisis

  1. Describe the history and current state of the opioid crisis in the United States.
  2. Describe the history and current state of the opioid crisis in Virginia.
  3. Define the pharmacological components and common uses of opioids.

Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction

  1. Examine the science of addiction.
  2. Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
  3. Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
  4. Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
  5. Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.

Understanding Pain Management Protocols

  1. Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
  2. Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
  3. Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
  4. Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
  5. Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
  6. Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
  7. Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
  8. Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
  9. Explain community resources for education about opioid use.

Working with Patients and Caregivers

  1. Describe key communication topics involving opioids for patients.
  2. Describe communication topics for caregivers and family members.