CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

2018/2019 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Nurse Aide II (8362/36 weeks, 280 hours)

NOTE: This course has specific state laws and regulations from a governing medical board or agency. Please contact the Virginia Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education prior to implementing this course. Please refer to the Teacher Resources section of this course for guidance documents pertaining to the Virginia Board of Nursing's required curriculum and skills. All inquiries may be sent to cte@doe.virginia.gov.

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

Expand all

Ajax loader

Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Personal Qualities and People Skills

  1. Demonstrate positive work ethic.
  2. Demonstrate integrity.
  3. Demonstrate teamwork skills.
  4. Demonstrate self-representation skills.
  5. Demonstrate diversity awareness.
  6. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  7. Demonstrate creativity and resourcefulness.

Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Professional Knowledge and Skills

  1. Demonstrate effective speaking and listening skills.
  2. Demonstrate effective reading and writing skills.
  3. Demonstrate critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
  4. Demonstrate healthy behaviors and safety skills.
  5. Demonstrate an understanding of workplace organizations, systems, and climates.
  6. Demonstrate lifelong-learning skills.
  7. Demonstrate job-acquisition and advancement skills.
  8. Demonstrate time-, task-, and resource-management skills.
  9. Demonstrate job-specific mathematics skills.
  10. Demonstrate customer-service skills.

Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Technology Knowledge and Skills

  1. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies common to a specific occupation.
  2. Demonstrate information technology skills.
  3. Demonstrate an understanding of Internet use and security issues.
  4. Demonstrate telecommunications skills.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Developing Communication and Coordination Techniques

  1. Identify effective methods to develop client/resident/patient/family and staff relationships.
  2. Define simple medical terminology.
  3. Report changes in body functioning to a supervisor. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  4. Answer the intercom.
  5. Place and receive telephone calls.
  6. Respond to the call signal.
  7. Develop awareness of personality strengths and weaknesses.
  8. Analyze personal health habits.
  9. Demonstrate successful work attitudes.

Maintaining a Safe Environment

  1. Demonstrate proper body mechanics. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  2. Perform safety procedures related to client/resident/patient care.
  3. Use fire extinguishers.
  4. Follow Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations and guidelines. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)

Developing Basic Nursing Skills

  1. Make an unoccupied bed.
  2. Make an occupied bed.
  3. Make a postoperative or recovery bed.
  4. Position client/resident/patient in bed. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  5. Assist client/resident/patient to maintain proper body alignment.
  6. Assure range of motion. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  7. Adjust hospital bed.
  8. Adjust side rails.
  9. Place footboard, overbed cradle, or egg crate mattress on bed.
  10. Place alternating pressure mattress on bed.
  11. Assist with alternatives to restraints.
  12. Apply heel and elbow protectors.
  13. Apply and care for anti-embolic stockings. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  14. Support client/resident/patient with physical and psychological independence. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  15. Assist a client/resident/patient with special needs in activities of daily living (ADL).
  16. Provide clinical care for the age-appropriate and physically challenged clients/residents/patients. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  17. Provide care for the client/resident/patient with impaired cognition. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  18. Assist the client/resident/patient with a sensory impairment. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  19. Demonstrate reality orientation techniques.
  20. Demonstrate principles of behavior management. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  21. Support the teaching of the client/resident/patient in self-care according to the client’s/resident’s/patient’s abilities as directed by a supervisor.
  22. Apply cold compress.
  23. Apply ice bag.
  24. Assist client/resident to sit on side of bed.
  25. Assist client/resident/patient in ambulation. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  26. Assist with indwelling urinary catheter care.
  27. Maintain closed urinary drainage system.
  28. Collect a clean-catch urine specimen.
  29. Strain urine.
  30. Collect 24-hour urine specimen.
  31. Assist a client/resident/patient with using a bedpan. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing Regulation)
  32. Transfer a client/resident/patient to bedside commode.
  33. Assist a client/resident/patient with using a urinal.
  34. Empty closed urine drainage bag.
  35. Clean stoma and change a colostomy bag.
  36. Describe methods of assisting a client/resident/patient with bladder and bowel training.
  37. Follow prescribed bladder and bowel program.
  38. Assist the incontinent client/resident/patient, including brief applications.
  39. Assist client/resident/patient with toilet use.
  40. Collect a stool specimen.
  41. Provide perineal care.
  42. Collect a sputum specimen.
  43. Measure and record routine vital signs (oral, rectal, and axillary temperature). (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  44. Measure and record pulse (apical and radial) for one minute. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  45. Measure and record blood pressure. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  46. Measure and record height and weight. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  47. Measure and record respiration for one minute. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  48. Measure weight, using a wheelchair scale or electronic bedscale.
  49. Assist with applying and removing braces.
  50. Assist with crutch walking.
  51. Assist client/resident/patient with walker and quad cane use.
  52. Assist with dressing and undressing a client/resident/patient with weakness in an affected side.
  53. Assist client/resident/patient in standing.
  54. Groom client/resident/patient, including shaving/assisting with shaving, caring for/helping with hair, and cleaning/beautifying fingernails and toenails. (Required for certification by Virginia Board of Nursing)
  55. Perform a back rub.
  56. Bathe client/resident/patient, including giving/assisting with bed bath, partial bath, shower, tub bath, and whirlpool bath. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  57. Care for the skin, to include prevention of pressure ulcers. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  58. Administer a sitz bath.
  59. Perform oral hygiene. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  60. Give denture care. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  61. Perform transferring, positioning, and turning of client/resident/patient. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  62. Use assistive devices in transferring, eating, and dressing. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  63. Transfer a client/resident/patient by wheelchair. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  64. Transport a client/resident/patient by stretcher.
  65. Explain client/resident/patient admission procedures. (Required for certification by Virginia Board of Nursing)
  66. Describe the transfer process for a client/resident/patient.
  67. Explain the process for client/resident/patient discharge.
  68. Assist with preparation for surgery.
  69. Give a.m. care.
  70. Give p.m. care.
  71. Assist with physical examination.

Assisting with Nutrition

  1. Measure and record fluid and food intake and output. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  2. Identify general and special diets.
  3. Assist client/resident/patient with menu selection.
  4. Serve and remove meal trays.
  5. Distribute nourishments.
  6. Distribute drinking water.
  7. Assist client/resident/patient with eating and hydration.
  8. Feed a client/resident/patient (all ages). (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation)
  9. Observe a client/resident/patient receiving intravenous (I.V.) fluids.

Assisting with Dying and Death

  1. Identify ways to assist with care of terminal client/resident/patient.
  2. Care for client/resident/patient when death is imminent. (As required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation.)
  3. Perform postmortem care on a mannequin.

Describing the Opioid Crisis

  1. Describe the history and current state of the opioid crisis in the United States.
  2. Describe the history and current state of the opioid crisis in Virginia.
  3. Define the pharmacological components and common uses of opioids.

Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction

  1. Examine the science of addiction.
  2. Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
  3. Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
  4. Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
  5. Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.

Understanding Pain Management Protocols

  1. Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
  2. Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
  3. Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
  4. Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
  5. Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
  6. Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
  7. Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
  8. Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
  9. Explain community resources for education about opioid use.

Working with Patients and Caregivers

  1. Describe key communication topics involving opioids for patients.
  2. Describe communication topics for caregivers and family members.