# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Practical Nursing II Task 871888330

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Describe the major types of acid-base imbalances.

Definition

Description should include
  • normal pH
  • inverse relationship between hydrogen ion concentration and pH level
  • role of blood buffers, lungs, kidneys
  • interpretation of arterial blood gas results
  • causes and common assessment criteria of various imbalances
  • interpretation of arterial blood gases.

Process/Skill Questions

  • What is the normal pH of an adult's arterial blood?
  • How do the relative concentrations of H+ ions and O4- ions affect pH?
  • How do buffer systems, the lungs, and the kidney regulate acid-base balance?
  • What mnemonic can assist you to interpret blood gases? (Respiratory = Opposite, Metabolic = Equal [ROME])
  • What are the most common causes, signs, and symptoms of the following:
    • Respiratory acidosis
    • Respiratory alkalosis
    • Metabolic acidosis
    • Metabolic alkalosis
  • What nursing interventions are appropriate for maintaining/preserving acid-base balances?

Related Standards of Learning

English

11.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts including employment documents and technical writing.
  1. Apply information from texts to clarify understanding of concepts.
  2. Read and correctly interpret an application for employment, workplace documents, or an application for college admission.
  3. Analyze technical writing for clarity.
  4. Paraphrase and synthesize ideas within and between texts.
  5. Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support.
  6. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  7. Analyze false premises, claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
  8. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  9. Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions about the text(s).

12.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.

Science

BIO.2

The student will investigate and understand the chemical and biochemical principles essential for life. Key concepts include
  1. water chemistry and its impact on life processes;
  2. the structure and function of macromolecules;
  3. the nature of enzymes; and
  4. the capture, storage, transformation, and flow of energy through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration.

BIO.4d

The student will investigate and understand life functions of Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya. Key concepts include
d. human health issues, human anatomy, and body systems;

CH.4

The student will investigate and understand that chemical quantities are based on molar relationships. Key concepts include
  1. Avogadro’s principle and molar volume;
  2. stoichiometric relationships;
  3. solution concentrations; and
  4. acid/base theory; strong electrolytes, weak electrolytes, and nonelectrolytes; dissociation and ionization; pH and pOH; and the titration process.

Other Related Standards

HOSA Competitive Events

Health Science Events

 

Medical Spelling

 

Medical Terminology

 

Health Professions Events

 

Clinical Nursing

 

Teamwork Events

 

HOSA Bowl