Explain the principles of medication administration.
DefinitionExplanation should include
- rights of medication administration
- safety issues
- appropriate disposal of medication
- the role of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
- United States Pharmacopoeia (USP)-National Formulary
- Controlled Substances Act
- agency drug distribution systems
- Patient's Bill of Rights
- drug orders by the appropriate healthcare provider.
- What methods are used to distribute drugs in healthcare agencies, including stock and unit dose?
- What is the U.S. official drug reference book?
- What types of drugs are in each drug schedule?
- How does the Controlled Substances Act impact drug storage, as well as dispensing, administering, and documenting dosages?
- Which statement in the Patient's Bill of Rights relates to the administration of medication?
- What information must be included in a drug order by a healthcare provider?
- What are common abbreviations and symbols used in drug orders? How are they interpreted?
- What are the causes of common errors made in drug administration?
- Which are the “Do Not Use” abbreviations noted by the FDA?
- What steps should be followed when a medication error occurs?
- How are routes of drug administration in relation to rates of absorption, effectiveness, and safety of each compared and contrasted?
- What types of syringes are used for injections?
- What is the maximum amount of fluid a nurse can inject into the client for a subcutaneous, intradermal, and intramuscular injection?
- What criteria are used to select the correct needle size and length used for injections?
- What are the general rules for proper administration of drugs?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts including employment documents and technical writing.
- Apply information from texts to clarify understanding of concepts.
- Read and correctly interpret an application for employment, workplace documents, or an application for college admission.
- Analyze technical writing for clarity.
- Paraphrase and synthesize ideas within and between texts.
- Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support.
- Analyze false premises, claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions about the text(s).
The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
- Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
- Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.