2018/2019 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Emergency Medical Technician II (8334/36 weeks, 280 hours)
The Virginia Department of Education, in collaboration with the Virginia Department of Health, is pleased to provide the High School Based Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Educational Program Guidelines. The guidelines are based on the newly revised state and national standards for emergency medical technician programs. This document serves as a guide to school divisions for implementing the revised EMT program standards consistently in all high schools and technical centers statewide.
All tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Personal Qualities and People Skills
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Professional Knowledge and Skills
- Demonstrate effective speaking and listening skills.
- Demonstrate effective reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
- Demonstrate healthy behaviors and safety skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of workplace organizations, systems, and climates.
- Demonstrate lifelong-learning skills.
- Demonstrate job-acquisition and advancement skills.
- Demonstrate time-, task-, and resource-management skills.
- Demonstrate job-specific mathematics skills.
- Demonstrate customer-service skills.
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Technology Knowledge and Skills
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Managing Medical Emergencies
- Describe assessment and management of an acutely ill patient.
- Demonstrate assessment and management of patients experiencing neurological emergencies.
- Describe assessment and management of patients with abdominal or gastrointestinal disorders.
- Demonstrate assessment and management of patients with hypersensitivity disorders or emergencies.
- Demonstrate body substance isolation and the use of personal protective equipment needed for protection from exposure to communicable or infectious diseases.
- Describe assessment and management of patients with diabetic emergencies.
- Describe assessment and management of patients displaying psychotic behaviors or signs of other psychiatric disorders.
- Demonstrate assessment and management of patients experiencing cardiac emergencies.
- Demonstrate assessment and management of patients suspected of suffering from poisoning.
- Demonstrate assessment and management of patients with respiratory emergencies.
- Describe assessment and management of patients with hematological disorders.
- Describe assessment and management of patients with genitourinary/renal disorders.
- Describe emergency medical care of patients with gynecological emergencies.
- Describe assessment and management of patients with nontraumatic musculoskeletal disorders.
- Describe identification, assessment, and management of patients with disorders of the eyes, ears, nose, and throat.
Managing Special Patient Populations
Understanding EMS Operations
- Describe the risks and responsibilities of emergency response.
- Demonstrate establishment of incident command.
- Evaluate the role of an EMT in a multiple-casualty situation.
- Describe the use of air medical transport.
- Describe the fundamental concepts of extrication.
- Explain the EMT’s role during a call involving hazardous materials.
- Evaluate the role of the EMT in a mass-casualty situation.
Examining Requirements for Certification
Describing the Opioid Crisis
Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction
- Examine the science of addiction.
- Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
- Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
- Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
- Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.
Understanding Pain Management Protocols
- Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
- Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
- Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
- Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
- Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
- Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
- Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
- Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
- Explain community resources for education about opioid use.