# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Mental Health Assisting Careers Task 126972398

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.


Description should include
  • special populations in pain management, such as palliative/end-of-life care patients, patients with cancer, pediatric patients, and geriatric populations
  • non-pharmacologic treatment of pain, including active care and self-care, evidence- and non-evidence-based approaches, and multimodal pain management
  • non-opioid pharmacologic management of pain
  • the challenges in discussing the psychological aspects of pain and the role of the central nervous system
  • adverse drug event prevention for all pain medications
  • the roles in an interdisciplinary pain management team
  • the significance of issues such as anxiety, depression, and sleep deprivation in pain management
  • the placebo effect
  • goals and expectations in the treatment of pain, based on diagnosis and pain continuum
  • when to make a pain referral and to whom.

Process/Skill Questions

  • What pain management resources are available for special populations?
  • What are alternative forms of pain management?
  • What role does the mind play in pain management?

Related Standards of Learning



The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.


The student will analyze, evaluate, synthesize, and organize information from a variety of credible resources to produce a research product.
  1. Frame, analyze, and synthesize information to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge.
  2. Analyze information gathered from diverse sources by identifying misconceptions, main and supporting ideas, conflicting information, point of view, or bias.
  3. Critically evaluate the accuracy, quality, and validity of the information.
  4. Cite sources for both quoted and paraphrased ideas using a standard method of documentation, such as that of the Modern Language Association (MLA) or the American Psychological Association (APA).
  5. Define the meaning and consequences of plagiarism and follow ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information.
  6. Demonstrate ethical use of the Internet.

Other Related Standards

HOSA Competitive Events (High School)

Health Science Events


Knowledge Test: Nutrition


Knowledge Test: Transcultural Health Care


Teamwork Events


Community Awareness


Creative Problem Solving