2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Mental Health Assisting Careers (8332/36 weeks, 280 hours)
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Work-Based Learning
Functioning as a Member of the Mental Healthcare Team
- Explore the evolution of U.S. mental health care delivery.
- Differentiate among the types of mental health facilities.
- Describe the roles and responsibilities of each member of the mental healthcare team.
- Identify roles and limitations of assistive personnel in the mental healthcare field.
- Explain the qualifications needed for success as a mental healthcare professional.
Understanding Mental Illness
- Differentiate between mental health and mental illness.
- Explain the development of personality.
- Explain defense mechanisms.
- Identify major types of anxiety disorders.
- Identify major types of affective disorders.
- Identify major types of psychotic disorders.
- Identify major types of personality disorders.
- Identify major types of substance abuse.
- Identify eating disorders.
- Identify major types of developmental anomalies and disorders.
- Identify conditions associated with confusion and dementia.
Fulfilling Environmental and Legal Responsibilities
- Explain institutional policies and procedures that impact the assistant in mental health care.
- Explain legal policies affecting the MHT.
- Identify methods of assisting patients in exercising and protecting their rights.
- Explain the importance of hand hygiene and Standard Precautions.
- Describe the procedures for responding to medical emergencies and mental health crises in the mental healthcare setting.
- Discuss procedures for maintaining the safety of the patient during outings, social events, and other activities.
- Define various legal holds and when they might be used.
Developing Communication and Human Relation Skills
- Communicate effectively with patients, staff, and non-facility personnel.
- Interpret the meaning of nonverbal behavior.
- Describe therapeutic interactions for the MHT.
- Facilitate interaction between patients and visitors.
- Identify methods of conflict resolution.
- Explain specific techniques for managing stress.
Planning and Administering Assistive Care
- Explain the role of the MHT in the delivery of care and treatment of various types of mental illness.
- Observe patient progress.
- Provide physical and emotional care in accordance with the patient’s individual treatment plan.
- Record patient’s physical and behavioral status.
- Prepare patient reports as required.
- Identify behavior that signals impending crisis, including suicidal and assaultive behavior.
- Explain the assault cycle.
- Explain effective responses to assaultive behaviors.
- Differentiate between seclusion and time-out.
- Demonstrate proper hand-washing technique.
- Demonstrate infection control measures (as required by Virginia Nursing Board regulation).
- Explain principles of infection control (as required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation).
- Demonstrate double-bagging technique.
- Demonstrate safety procedures in various healthcare scenarios (as regulated by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation).
- Change gown, mask, and gloves.
Assisting Patients with Rehabilitation
- Identify patient daily activities and the role of the MHT in these activities.
- Assist with recreational activities.
- Escort patient to and from activities.
- Identify measures for responding when a patient is missing.
- Explain how to assist a patient with money management.
- Assist a patient with school activities, if a student.
- Assist in conducting rehabilitative group activities.
Describing the Opioid Crisis
Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction
- Examine the science of addiction.
- Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
- Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
- Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
- Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.
Understanding Pain Management Protocols
- Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
- Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
- Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
- Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
- Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
- Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
- Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
- Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
- Explain community resources for education about opioid use.