2018/2019 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Health Assisting Careers (8331/36 weeks)
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Personal Qualities and People Skills
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Professional Knowledge and Skills
- Demonstrate effective speaking and listening skills.
- Demonstrate effective reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
- Demonstrate healthy behaviors and safety skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of workplace organizations, systems, and climates.
- Demonstrate lifelong-learning skills.
- Demonstrate job-acquisition and advancement skills.
- Demonstrate time-, task-, and resource-management skills.
- Demonstrate job-specific mathematics skills.
- Demonstrate customer-service skills.
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Technology Knowledge and Skills
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Functioning as a Member of the Healthcare Team
Demonstrating an Understanding of Legal and Ethical Considerations of Healthcare Team Members
- Identify signs of child, elder, and domestic abuse and neglect.
- Apply concepts of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) legislation.
- Identify scope of practice for the healthcare assistant and for other members of the healthcare team.
- Describe legal implications of advanced directives.
- Explore concepts of biomedical ethics.
- Implement the practices of the Patient's Bill of Rights and the Resident’s Bill of Rights.
Communicating within the Healthcare Setting
Providing for Basic Health Needs
- Make unoccupied and occupied beds.
- Bathe patient/client as prescribed in care plan.
- Provide skin care.
- Perform oral hygiene.
- Provide perineal care, including catheter care.
- Assist patient/client with use of bedpan or urinal.
- Perform range-of-motion (ROM) exercises.
- Position patient/client.
- Transfer patient/client.
- Assist patient/client in ambulation, including use of assistive devices.
- Transport patient/client.
Incorporating Safety Procedures
- Explain how to provide a safe, clean, and comfortable environment for the patient/client.
- Identify environmental safety hazards, prevention methods, and disaster plans.
- Implement standard precautions and infectious disease control measures.
- Assist with sterile techniques.
- Identify sterilization and sanitation procedures.
- Identify laws concerning hazardous materials.
- Demonstrate use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
- Describe facility admission, transfer, and discharge processes.
- Demonstrate proper body mechanics.
Understanding Body Systems and Disorders
- Identify structures and functions of the integumentary system.
- Identify major disorders of the integumentary system.
- Identify structures and functions of the circulatory system.
- Identify major disorders of the circulatory system.
- Identify structures and functions of the respiratory system.
- Identify major disorders of the respiratory system.
- Identify structures and functions of the nervous system.
- Identify major disorders of the nervous system.
- Identify structures and functions of the musculoskeletal system.
- Identify major disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
- Identify structures and functions of the reproductive system.
- Identify major disorders of the reproductive system.
- Identify structures and functions of the urinary system.
- Identify major disorders of the urinary system.
- Identify structures and functions of the gastrointestinal system.
- Identify major disorders of the gastrointestinal system.
- Identify structures and functions of the endocrine system.
- Identify major disorders of the endocrine system.
Assisting with Patient/Client Procedures
- Report patient/client information and observations.
- Measure routine vital signs (blood pressure; apical pulse; radial pulse; oral, aural, temporal artery; rectal, and axillary temperature).
- Measure and record intake and output.
- Explain anti-embolic stockings.
- Explain height and weight measurement for all age groups.
- Assist with the application and removal of braces, supports, and prosthetic devices.
- Assist with ostomy care.
- Explain routine specimen collection.
- Describe methods of assisting a patient/client with bladder and bowel training.
- Explain how to assist the incontinent patient/client.
- Explain how to assist the patient/client receiving oxygen therapy.
- Explain how to assist with postmortem care.
Meeting Nutritional Needs
- Identify the food groups according to United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) guidelines.
- Identify common therapeutic diets.
- Explain how to care for the patient/client with a feeding tube.
- Explain how to assist patient/client with eating and hydration.
- Measure fluid and food intake and output (as required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation).
- Feed a client/resident/patient (as required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation).
Identifying First Aid Concepts
Understanding Life Span Development
Describing the Opioid Crisis
Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction
- Examine the science of addiction.
- Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
- Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
- Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
- Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.
Understanding Pain Management Protocols
- Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
- Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
- Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
- Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
- Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
- Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
- Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
- Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
- Explain community resources for education about opioid use.