2020/2021 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Health Assisting Careers (8331/36 weeks)
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Work-Based Learning
Functioning as a Member of the Healthcare Team
Demonstrating an Understanding of Legal and Ethical Considerations of Healthcare Team Members
- Identify signs of child, elder, and domestic abuse and neglect.
- Apply concepts of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) legislation.
- Identify scope of practice for the healthcare assistant and for other members of the healthcare team.
- Describe legal implications of advanced directives.
- Explore concepts of biomedical ethics.
- Implement the practices of the Patient's Bill of Rights and the Resident’s Bill of Rights.
Communicating within the Healthcare Setting
Providing for Basic Health Needs
- Make unoccupied and occupied beds.
- Bathe patient/client as prescribed in care plan.
- Provide skin care.
- Perform oral hygiene.
- Provide perineal care, including catheter care.
- Assist patient/client with use of bedpan or urinal.
- Perform range-of-motion (ROM) exercises.
- Position patient/client.
- Transfer patient/client.
- Assist patient/client in ambulation, including use of assistive devices.
- Transport patient/client.
Incorporating Safety Procedures
- Explain how to provide a safe, clean, and comfortable environment for the patient/client.
- Identify environmental safety hazards, prevention methods, and disaster plans.
- Implement standard precautions and infectious disease control measures.
- Assist with sterile techniques.
- Identify sterilization and sanitation procedures.
- Identify laws concerning hazardous materials.
- Demonstrate use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
- Describe facility admission, transfer, and discharge processes.
- Demonstrate proper body mechanics.
Understanding Body Systems and Disorders
- Identify structures and functions of the integumentary system.
- Identify major disorders of the integumentary system.
- Identify structures and functions of the circulatory system.
- Identify major disorders of the circulatory system.
- Identify structures and functions of the respiratory system.
- Identify major disorders of the respiratory system.
- Identify structures and functions of the nervous system.
- Identify major disorders of the nervous system.
- Identify structures and functions of the musculoskeletal system.
- Identify major disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
- Identify structures and functions of the reproductive system.
- Identify major disorders of the reproductive system.
- Identify structures and functions of the urinary system.
- Identify major disorders of the urinary system.
- Identify structures and functions of the gastrointestinal system.
- Identify major disorders of the gastrointestinal system.
- Identify structures and functions of the endocrine system.
- Identify major disorders of the endocrine system.
Assisting with Patient/Client Procedures
- Report patient/client information and observations.
- Measure routine vital signs (blood pressure; apical pulse; radial pulse; oral, aural, temporal artery; rectal, and axillary temperature).
- Measure and record intake and output.
- Explain anti-embolic stockings.
- Explain height and weight measurement for all age groups.
- Assist with the application and removal of braces, supports, and prosthetic devices.
- Assist with ostomy care.
- Explain routine specimen collection.
- Describe methods of assisting a patient/client with bladder and bowel training.
- Explain how to assist the incontinent patient/client.
- Explain how to assist the patient/client receiving oxygen therapy.
- Explain how to assist with postmortem care.
Meeting Nutritional Needs
- Identify the food groups according to United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) guidelines.
- Identify common therapeutic diets.
- Explain how to care for the patient/client with a feeding tube.
- Explain how to assist patient/client with eating and hydration.
- Measure fluid and food intake and output (as required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation).
- Feed a client/resident/patient (as required by the Virginia Board of Nursing regulation).
Identifying First Aid Concepts
Understanding Life Span Development
Describing the Opioid Crisis
Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction
- Examine the science of addiction.
- Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
- Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
- Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
- Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.
Understanding Pain Management Protocols
- Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
- Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
- Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
- Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
- Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
- Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
- Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
- Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
- Explain community resources for education about opioid use.