2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Dental Careers I (8328/36 weeks, 280 hours)
NOTE: This course has specific state laws and regulations from a governing medical board or agency. Please contact the Virginia Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education Services prior to implementing this course. All inquiries may be sent to email@example.com.
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities
Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills
Demonstrating Professional Competencies
- Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
- Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
- Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
- Manage time and resources.
- Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
- Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
- Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
- Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
- Demonstrate professionalism.
- Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate workplace safety.
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Work-Based Learning
Introducing Dentistry and the Dental Team
- Trace key developments of dentistry from early civilizations to the present, including educational and professional developments in America.
- List the members of a dental team and the characteristics, educational requirements, and responsibilities of each member.
- Describe the roles of professional dental organizations.
Investigating Dental Ethics and Law
- Examine ethical and legal issues related to the practice of dentistry.
- Explain the American Dental Assistants Association (ADAA) Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct.
- Describe the role of the Virginia Dental Practice Act as it relates to the practice of dentistry.
- Explain confidentiality and its connection to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
Examining Basic Dental-Related Anatomy and Physiology
- Identify anatomical reference systems.
- Identify the bones and major anatomic landmarks of the skull.
- Describe the bone structure of cartilage, compact bone, spongy bone, and periosteum.
- Describe the gliding hinge action of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).
- Identify the major muscles of mastication and facial expressions, the extrinsic muscles of the tongue, and the major posterior muscles of the mouth, including the floor of the mouth.
- Identify the major veins, arteries, and nerves of the face and mouth.
- Identify the major anatomic landmarks of the oral cavity.
- Identify the salivary glands and their ducts.
- Explain the anatomy and physiology of body systems and their relationship to the face and neck.
Describing Dental Anatomy
- Explain oral embryology and the histology of dentition.
- Explain developmental disturbances that may occur during tooth development.
- Identify the eruption order for the primary and permanent dentition.
- Explain the specialized functions and classifications of the four types of teeth.
- Describe the anatomical features of teeth.
- Identify tooth surfaces.
- Identify teeth, using the Universal, Federation Dentaire Internationale (FDI), and Palmer Numbering Systems.
Recording Patient Information and Assessment
- Manage personal information about a patient.
- Update medical and dental history.
- Explain the meaning and importance of informed consent.
- Identify the standards and criteria for patient-record entries.
- Obtain and record vital signs and observations.
- Document initial findings, including recommended treatment.
- Record treatment rendered.
- Obtain intraoral and extraoral images.
Examining Preventive Dentistry and Nutrition
- Describe how dental decay occurs.
- Identify the methods of detecting decay.
- Describe systemic conditions associated with periodontal disease.
- Identify risk factors for periodontal disease.
- Demonstrate the components of preventive dentistry.
- Describe the roles of systemic and topical fluorides.
- Identify key nutrients.
- Establish a diet for dental health maintenance.
Performing Administrative Functions
Performing Infection-Control Techniques
- Describe the major groups of microorganisms that cause disease.
- Describe the types of diseases caused by microorganisms.
- Describe ways diseases are transmitted in the dental treatment environment.
- Explain maintenance of aseptic chain in the dental treatment environment.
- Demonstrate compliance with governmental regulations and guidelines, including those of the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Centers for Disease Control (CDC), regarding infection control and disease prevention.
- Disinfect and/or sterilize dental instruments.
- Demonstrate maintenance and sterilization of dental handpieces.
- Demonstrate maintenance of the evacuation system.
- Demonstrate maintenance of dental disinfecting/sterilizing equipment, including the renewal of solutions.
- Explain maintenance of the dental unit waterline (DUWL).
Managing Hazardous Chemicals and Waste
Assisting with Basic Pharmacology and Pain Control
Serving Patients with Special Needs
Demonstrating Chairside Procedures
- Seat and position patients.
- Dismiss patients.
- Demonstrate ergonomics in the dental setting.
- Pass and retrieve instruments at chairside.
- Demonstrate maintenance of a clear field.
- Perform oral evacuation.
- Prepare basic operatory setup.
- Prepare dental dam equipment and materials for use.
- Perform a preventive dentistry treatment.