# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Pharmacy Technician II Task 892628049

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Process a prescription or medication order.

Definition

Processing should include the following steps:

  • Enter prescription or medication order information into patient profile.
  • Be aware of error-prone abbreviations and/or medication names.
  • Select the product(s) for a generic prescription or medication order.
  • Select the product(s) for a brand-name prescription or medication order (consulting established formulary as appropriate).
  • Obtain medications or devices from inventory.
  • Check medication and/or device expiration date.
  • Measure, count, or calculate finished dosage forms for dispensing.
  • Record preparation of prescription or medication, including any special requirements for controlled substances.
  • Package finished dosage forms (e.g., blister pack, vial).
  • Affix label(s) and auxiliary label(s) to container(s).
  • Assemble patient information materials.
  • Check for accuracy during processing of the prescription or medication order (e.g., matching National Drug Code [NDC] number).
  • Verify the measurements, preparation, and/or packaging of medications produced by other technicians.
  • Prepare prescription or medication order for final check by pharmacist.

Process/Skill Questions

  • Why is each step of the order process important?
  • What is the difference between "q.i.d." and "q.h."?
  • What are common abbreviations used to indicate the route of administration?
  • Why do drugs have lot numbers and expiration dates?
  • Why is a basic knowledge of human biological functions important when processing a prescription or medication order?
  • What are an open formulary and a closed formulary, and what is the importance of each?
  • What abbreviations are on the "Do Not Use" list as recommended by The Joint Commission (TJC) and Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP)? 
  • What are common auxiliary labels affixed to containers?
  • What are the state regulations for tech-to-tech checking of prepared products?
  • Why is verification of the National Drug Code number vitally important?

Related Standards of Learning

English

11.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts including employment documents and technical writing.
  1. Apply information from texts to clarify understanding of concepts.
  2. Read and correctly interpret an application for employment, workplace documents, or an application for college admission.
  3. Analyze technical writing for clarity.
  4. Paraphrase and synthesize ideas within and between texts.
  5. Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support.
  6. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  7. Analyze false premises, claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
  8. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  9. Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions about the text(s).

12.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.

Mathematics

A.4

The student will solve
  1. multistep linear and quadratic equations in one variables algebraically;
  2. quadratic equations in one variables algebraically;
  3. literal equations for a specified variable;
  4. systems of two linear equations in two variables algebraically and graphically; and
  5. practical problems involving equations and systems of equations.

COM.1

The student will design and apply computer programs to solve practical problems in mathematics arising from business and applications in mathematics.

Other Related Standards

Code of Virginia Statutes Related to Pharmacy Technicians

Va. Code §54.1-3408.01 — Requirements for prescriptions

 

Va. Code §54.1-3408.02 — Transmission of prescriptions

 

Va. Code §54.1-3408.03 — Dispensing of therapeutically equivalent drug products

 

HOSA Competitive Events

Health Science Events

 

Medical Spelling

 

Medical Terminology

 

Knowledge Test: Pharmacology

 

Health Professions Events

 

Clinical Specialty

 

Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) Examination Required Knowledge

I. Assisting the Pharmacist in Serving Patients

 

 

I.1. Knowledge of federal, state, and/or practice site regulations, codes of ethics, and standards pertaining to the practice of pharmacy

 

I.2. Knowledge of pharmaceutical, medical, and legal developments which impact on the practice of pharmacy

 

I.4. Knowledge of pharmaceutical and medical abbreviations and terminology

 

I.5. Knowledge of generic and brand names of pharmaceuticals

 

I.6. Knowledge of therapeutic equivalence

 

I.12. Knowledge of drug interactions (such as drug-disease, drug-drug, drug-laboratory, drug-nutrient)

 

I.13. Knowledge of strengths/dose, dosage forms, physical appearance, routes of administration, and duration of drug therapy

 

I.14. Knowledge of effects of patient’s age (for example, neonates, geriatrics) on drug and non-drug therapy

 

I.15. Knowledge of drug information sources including printed and electronic reference materials

 

I.16. Knowledge of pharmacology (for example, mechanism of action)

 

I.17. Knowledge of common and severe side or adverse effects, allergies, and therapeutic contraindications associated with medications

 

I.18. Knowledge of drug indications

 

I.20. Knowledge of practice site policies and procedures regarding prescriptions or medication orders

 

I.22. Knowledge of required prescription order refill information

 

I.25. Knowledge of techniques for detecting prescription errors (for example, abnormal doses, early refill, incorrect quantity, incorrect patient ID #, incorrect drug)

 

I.31. Knowledge of proper storage conditions

 

I.32. Knowledge of automated dispensing technology

 

I.33. Knowledge of packaging requirements

 

I.34. Knowledge of NDC number components

 

I.35. Knowledge of purpose for lot numbers and expiration dates

 

I.36. Knowledge of information for prescription or medication order label(s)

 

I.49. Knowledge of quality improvement methods (for example, matching NDC number, double-counting narcotics)

 

I.52. Knowledge of drug stability

 

I.69. Knowledge of pharmacy-related computer software for documenting the dispensing of prescriptions or medication orders

 

I.73. Knowledge of confidentiality requirements

 

Virginia Administrative Code Regulations Governing the Practice of Pharmacy

18VAC110-20-270 — Dispensing of prescriptions; certification of completed prescriptions; supervision of pharmacy technicians

 

18VAC110-20-275 — Delivery of dispensed prescriptions

 

18VAC110-20-280 — Transmission of a prescription order by facsimile machine

 

18VAC110-20-285 — Electronic transmission of prescriptions from prescriber to pharmacy

 

18VAC110-20-290 — Dispensing of Schedule II drugs

 

18VAC110-20-320 — Refilling of Schedule III through VI prescriptions

 

18VAC110-20-330 — Labeling of prescription as to content and quantity

 

18VAC110-20-350 — Special packaging

 

18VAC110-20-355 — Pharmacy repackaging of drug; records required; labeling requirements