2018/2019 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Patient Care Technician (8303/36 weeks)
All tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Personal Qualities and People Skills
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Professional Knowledge and Skills
- Demonstrate effective speaking and listening skills.
- Demonstrate effective reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
- Demonstrate healthy behaviors and safety skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of workplace organizations, systems, and climates.
- Demonstrate lifelong-learning skills.
- Demonstrate job-acquisition and advancement skills.
- Demonstrate time-, task-, and resource-management skills.
- Demonstrate job-specific mathematics skills.
- Demonstrate customer-service skills.
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Technology Knowledge and Skills
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Introducing the Healthcare System
- Summarize the major developments of healthcare history.
- Differentiate among the types of health insurance.
- Differentiate among the types of medical care delivery systems.
- Differentiate between the scope and roles of the Virginia Department of Health Professions and the Virginia Department of Health.
- Examine the impact of health informatics on the healthcare industry and on the individual consumer.
Identifying the Roles and Responsibilities of a Patient Care Technician
- Describe the Scope of Practice of a patient care technician.
- Obtain and maintain Basic Cardiac Life Support (BCLS) certification for healthcare providers.
- Adhere to Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) regulations regarding Protected Health Information (PHI).
- Communicate with other healthcare professionals using appropriate medical terminology.
- Describe the organizational structure in a healthcare setting.
- Use effective communication to interact with the patient, the patient's family, and other members of the healthcare team.
- Adhere to regulations regarding operational standards.
Examining Ethical and Legal Issues
- Define legal and ethical terms pertaining to medical care.
- Examine concepts of care relating to ethnic, religious/spiritual, cultural, and personal preferences.
- Describe the roles of professionalism, including legal and ethical boundaries for patient care technician.
- Implement the Five Rights of Delegation.
Understanding Medical Terminology and Documentations
Practicing Infection Prevention Techniques
Practicing Safety Protocols
- Define types of abuse and neglect.
- Report suspected abuse and neglect per facility protocol.
- Follow regulatory agencies' patient safety guidelines.
- Use proper body mechanics when performing job functions.
- Monitor environmental safety.
- Respond to emergency situations.
- Follow procedures for identifying patients.
- Report work-related accidents according to facility protocol.
Understanding Basic Anatomy and Physiology
- Identify the body systems.
- Identify body cavities and the organs within these cavities.
- Identify the parts and functions of a cell.
- Identify tissues within the body.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the endocrine system.
- Identify major disorders of the endocrine system.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the circulatory system.
- Identify major disorders of the circulatory system.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the musculoskeletal system.
- Identify major disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the gastrointestinal system, including the oral cavity.
- Identify major disorders of the gastrointestinal system.
- Identify major disorders of the oral cavity.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the reproductive system.
- Identify major disorders of the reproductive system.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the urinary system.
- Identify major disorders of the urinary system.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the respiratory system.
- Identify major disorders of the respiratory system.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the nervous system.
- Identify major disorders of the nervous system, including Alzheimer's Disease and other dementias.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the sensory system.
- Identify the major parts and functions of the eye and ear.
- Identify major disorders of the eye, ear, and other sensory organs.
- Identify the major structures and functions of the integumentary system.
- Identify major disorders of the integumentary system.
- Describe the major stages of growth and developmental abilities.
- Describe the effects of the normal aging process on major body systems.
- Identify psychosocial problems associated with the elderly.
- Identify needs related to death and dying. (Required for certification by Virginia Board of Nursing)
Demonstrating Medical Procedures/Patient Care and Comfort Measures
- Obtain vital signs.
- Obtain patient height and weight.
- Report any new changes in the patient’s condition.
- Demonstrate methods of pain management.
- Report patient pain using a pain scale.
- Assist with activities of daily living (ADL).
- Monitor intake and output.
- Provide emotional support for patients and their families while performing patient care.
- Assist the patient in admission, discharge, and/or transfer per protocol.
- Follow the established restorative plan of care ordered for the patient.
- Remove peripheral IVs.
- Perform postmortem care.
Preventing Medical Complications
- Perform passive range of motion (ROM) for the patient.
- Maintain skin integrity.
- Apply sequential compression boots.
- Apply anti-embolitic stockings (e.g., TED hose).
- Assist the patient with coughing and deep-breathing exercises.
- Assist the patient with incentive spirometry.
- Check dressings for increased saturation and changes.
- Assist with reapplication of oxygen therapy.
- Assist with wound/ostomy care per facility protocol.
- Report edema.
Understanding the role of the ECG
Understanding Phlebotomy and Related Procedures
- Describe basic human anatomy and physiology in relation to phlebotomy.
- Interpret common abbreviations used in phlebotomy and basic medical laboratory terminology related to phlebotomy.
- Demonstrate the safe positioning of patients during venipuncture.
- Demonstrate specimen collection procedures appropriate to the patient.
- Explain the order of the draw (for tubes).
- Demonstrate blood collection, handling, and processing for venipuncture procedures.
Describing the Opioid Crisis
Examining the Key Factors of Drug Addiction
- Examine the science of addiction.
- Explain prevention and early intervention strategies.
- Identify addiction and its behavioral elements, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
- Describe the treatment models of addiction therapy.
- Describe the medication management antidote used to prevent fatal opioid overdoses.
Understanding Pain Management Protocols
- Explain the science of physiological and mental pain.
- Describe the diagnostic tools used in developing pain management plans.
- Describe pain treatment options available to various populations of patients.
- Describe the effects of opioid dependency on the human body systems.
- Explain the mechanism and physical effects of opioids on the human body.
- Explain the use of opioids in practice settings, the role of opioids in pain management, and risk factors associated with the use of the medication.
- Describe the withdrawal and tapering side effects of opioid use.
- Describe storage and disposal options for opioids.
- Explain community resources for education about opioid use.