Identify basic anatomical structure and body cavities.
- dorsal cavity (containing the cranial cavity and spinal cavity)
- ventral cavity (containing the thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity, and pelvic cavity)
- What are the body systems? What are the functions of each?
- Why is symmetry an important concept in anatomy?
- What major organs are contained in each body cavity? Why is this information important to medical personnel?
- What is the location of the diaphragm, with relation to the body cavities? What is the function of the diaphragm?
Related Standards of Learning
History and Social Science
The student will apply social science skills to understand the developments leading to the Renaissance in Europe in terms of its impact on Western civilization by
- determining the economic and cultural foundations of the Italian Renaissance;
- sequencing events related to the rise of Italian city-states and their political development, including Machiavelli’s theory of governing as described in The Prince;
- citing the contributions of artists and philosophers of the Renaissance, as contrasted with the medieval period, including Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Petrarch; and
- comparing and contrasting the Italian and the Northern Renaissance, and citing the contributions of writers.
The student will apply social science skills to understand the political, cultural, geographic, and economic conditions in the world about 1500 A.D. (C.E.) by
- locating major states and empires;
- describing artistic, literary, and intellectual ideas of the Renaissance;
- describing the distribution of major religions;
- analyzing major trade patterns; and
- citing major technological and scientific exchanges in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The student will apply social science skills to understand the impact of the European Age of Exploration by
- explaining the political and economic goals of European exploration and colonization;
- describing the geographic expansion into Africa, Asia, and the Americas;
- comparing and contrasting the social and cultural influences of European settlement on Africa, Asia, and the Americas;
- analyzing how competition for colonies changed the economic system of Europe; and
- defining and describing how the Scientific Revolution led to social and technological changes that influenced the European view of the world.
- comparison of their metabolic activities;
- maintenance of homeostasis;
- how the structures and functions vary among and within the Eukarya kingdoms of protists, fungi, plants, and animals, including humans;
- human health issues, human anatomy, and body systems;
- how viruses compare with organisms; and
- evidence supporting the germ theory of infectious disease.