# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Nutrition and Wellness Task 107132961

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Identify the functions of macro- and micronutrients and the body’s requirements for each.

Definition

Identification should include
  • defining the terms nutrient, macronutrient, and micronutrient, to include protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water
  • listing, for each type of nutrient
    • its functions in the body (e.g., carbohydrates for energy, protein for muscle and tissue repair)
    • its role in preventing or contributing to chronic disease (e.g., fresh fruits and vegetables can promote healthy body weight and decrease the likelihood of diabetes; high consumption of saturated fats/trans fats can contribute to heart disease and cancer; inadequate calcium consumption can lead to osteoporosis)
    • its presence in food sources (e.g., vitamin A in carrots, vitamin B in grains, calcium in dairy products, iron in legumes)
    • the effects of a deficiency of a nutrient (e.g., pellagra, scurvy, osteoporosis)
    • the effects of toxicity associated with a nutrient (e.g., ketosis, excessive bleeding, diarrhea).

Process/Skill Questions

Thinking
  • Why should we be aware of nutrients and their functions?
  • What can happen if we receive insufficient nutrients?
  • What nutrients tend to be included in a typical teenager’s diet?
  • Which nutrients tend to be deficient? Are nutrients’ effects on the body different for different family members? Why, or why not?
Communication
  • What are our sources of information about nutrients?
  • How can we tell if these sources are reliable?
  • What are the arguments for and against taking large doses of specific nutrients, for example, vitamins or minerals?
Leadership
  • What leadership skills are needed to teach others about nutritional needs? About the effects of nutrients on the body?
  • Why should high school students be concerned about their nutrient intake?
  • Why is it your responsibility to ensure that you and your family members receive a sufficient daily dose of essential nutrients?
Management
  • What management skills can we use to ensure that our diet includes enough of the right nutrients?
  • What resources are available when we need information pertaining to the effects of nutrients on the body?
  • What types of foods does a family shopper need to select in order to ensure that all family members receive the nutrients they need?

Related Standards of Learning

English

9.3

The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
  1. Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to understand complex words.
  2. Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
  3. Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
  4. Identify the meaning of common idioms.
  5. Explain the meaning of literary and classical allusions and figurative language in text.
  6. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

9.5

The student will read and analyze a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Apply knowledge of text features and organizational patterns to understand, analyze, and gain meaning from texts.
  2. Make inferences and draw conclusions based on explicit and implied information using evidence from text as support.
  3. Analyze the author’s qualifications, viewpoint, and impact.
  4. Recognize an author’s intended purpose for writing and identify the main idea.
  5. Summarize, paraphrase, and synthesize ideas, while maintaining meaning and a logical sequence of events, within and between texts.
  6. Identify characteristics of expository, technical, and persuasive texts.
  7. Identify a position/argument to be confirmed, disproved, or modified.
  8. Evaluate clarity and accuracy of information.
  9. Analyze, organize, and synthesize information in order to solve problems, answer questions, complete a task, or create a product.
  10. Differentiate between fact and opinion and evaluate their impact.
  11. Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
  12. Use the reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

10.3

The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
  1. Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, to understand complex words.
  2. Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
  3. Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
  4. Explain the meaning of common idioms.
  5. Explain the meaning of literary and classical allusions and figurative language in text.
  6. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

10.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate nonfiction texts.
  1. Analyze text features and organizational patterns to evaluate the meaning of texts.
  2. Recognize an author’s intended audience and purpose for writing.
  3. Skim materials to develop an overview and locate information.
  4. Compare and contrast informational texts for intent and content.
  5. Interpret and use data and information in maps, charts, graphs, timelines, tables, and diagrams.
  6. Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support as evidence.
  7. Analyze and synthesize information in order to solve problems, answer questions, and generate new knowledge.
  8. Analyze ideas within and between selections providing textual evidence.
  9. Summarize, paraphrase, and synthesize ideas, while maintaining meaning and a logical sequence of events, within and between texts.
  10. Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension.

11.3

The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
  1. Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms to understand complex words.
  2. Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
  3. Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
  4. Explain the meaning of common idioms.
  5. Explain the meaning of literary and classical allusions and figurative language in text.
  6. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

11.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts including employment documents and technical writing.
  1. Apply information from texts to clarify understanding of concepts.
  2. Read and correctly interpret an application for employment, workplace documents, or an application for college admission.
  3. Analyze technical writing for clarity.
  4. Paraphrase and synthesize ideas within and between texts.
  5. Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support.
  6. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  7. Analyze false premises, claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
  8. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, sarcasm, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  9. Generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions about the text(s).

12.3

The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts.
  1. Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, to understand complex words.
  2. Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.
  3. Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.
  4. Explain the meaning of common idioms, and literary and classical allusions in text.
  5. Extend general and cross-curricular vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

12.5

The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.

Science

BIO.2

The student will investigate and understand the chemical and biochemical principles essential for life. Key concepts include
  1. water chemistry and its impact on life processes;
  2. the structure and function of macromolecules;
  3. the nature of enzymes; and
  4. the capture, storage, transformation, and flow of energy through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration.

Other Related Standards

National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education

14.3.1

Apply current dietary guidelines in planning to meet nutrition and wellness needs.

14.3.2

Design strategies that address the health and nutritional recommendations for individuals and families, including those with special needs.

14.5.1

Investigate how scientific and technical advances influence the nutrient content, availability, and safety of foods.