2018/2019 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Ecology and Environmental Management (8046/36 weeks)
Tasks/competencies when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.are considered optional
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Personal Qualities and People Skills
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Professional Knowledge and Skills
- Demonstrate effective speaking and listening skills.
- Demonstrate effective reading and writing skills.
- Demonstrate critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
- Demonstrate healthy behaviors and safety skills.
- Demonstrate an understanding of workplace organizations, systems, and climates.
- Demonstrate lifelong-learning skills.
- Demonstrate job-acquisition and advancement skills.
- Demonstrate time-, task-, and resource-management skills.
- Demonstrate job-specific mathematics skills.
- Demonstrate customer-service skills.
Demonstrating Workplace Readiness Skills: Technology Knowledge and Skills
Examining All Aspects of an Industry
- Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
- Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
- Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
- Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
- Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
- Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
Addressing Elements of Student Life
- Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
- Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
- Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
- Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
Exploring Leadership Skills and FFA Membership
Identifying Careers in Environmental Management
- Describe occupations in natural resource management and conservation areas including regulatory and non-regulatory services.
- Develop a list of local, state, and federal agencies and nonprofit organizations that work with the environment and/or natural resources.
- Identify environmental and natural resource management and conservation businesses in the community.
Developing Basic Environmental Science Concepts
- Explain the importance of the environment in sustaining living organisms.
- Define basic terminology in ecology and other environmental science.
- Explain energy transfer.
- Describe the effects of natural events and anthropogenic influences on ecosystems.
- Explain principles and processes of ecological succession.
- Illustrate geometric vs. arithmetic increases in population growth.
- Describe the logistics of population growth.
- Explain the tragedy of the commons.
- Explain the role of biodiversity in ecosystem stability.
- Identify the effects of latitude and altitude on species diversity.
- Explain the process of species differentiation.
Protecting the Environment—Air and Noise
- Diagram the composition of the atmosphere.
- Outline effective methods to control various air pollutants.
- Explain the effects of greenhouse gases.
- Determine the sources and effects of acid rain.
- Analyze the conversation surrounding ozone depletion.
- Define noise pollution.
- Research noise restrictions for a locality.
- Identify different types of noise pollution and the effect on humans, wildlife, and ecological systems.
Protecting the Environment—Soil
- Describe the soil-formation process.
- Classify soils using the soil taxonomy system.
- Identify differences in soil profiles.
- Investigate soil types.
- Interpret data contained in soil maps.
- Explain land capability classes.
- Explain leaching in soils.
- Collect soil samples to analyze for composition.
- Interpret soil test results to make nutrient recommendations.
- Explain how wind and water erode soil.
- Identify common materials used for riparian buffers and vegetative erosion control methods.
- Explain the effects of erosion on plants, animals, and their habitats.
- Describe crop rotation and no-till agriculture.
- Explain mechanical erosion controls.
Protecting the Environment—Water
- Define characteristics of water.
- Define wetlands and uses.
- Illustrate the hydrologic cycle.
- Illustrate components of the riverine system.
- Identify characteristics of an estuarine system.
- Describe an aquatic zonation system.
- Explain the different ways water moves in the oceans and the factors affecting movement.
- Explain groundwater and sources of groundwater.
- Explain the role of frozen water in Earth’s systems.
- Define water table.
- Explain the Clean Water Act.
- Examine the water needs for an agricultural enterprise, school, or home.
- Define point and nonpoint source (NPS) pollution.
- Identify major water pollutants and their effects on the environment.
- Define karst topography.
- Analyze water samples for chemical pollutants and biological organisms.
- Analyze water quality using the Izaak Walton League of America (IWLA) method.
- Explain the effects of water pollution on agricultural production.
- Define eutrophication and its relationship to nutrient-rich waters.
- Report on the effects of polluted water on animals and humans.
- Compare methods used to reduce surface and groundwater contamination.
- Select best management practices designed to improve water quality.
- Identify the characteristics of a watershed.
- Interpret a flood-hazard analysis.
- Explain methods of flood control.
- Compare stream bank protection measures.
Investigating Environmental Issues
- Examine environmental agencies: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS), Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (VDGIF), and Virginia Department of Forestry (VDOF).
- Identify local, state, national, and global issues concerning agriculture and the environment.
- Summarize how agriculture and the environment are related.
- Compare sustainability practices and multiple-use management strategies and their uses to protect and maintain Virginia’s forest ecosystems.
- Outline the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control Law.
- Define organic farming.
- Assess how technology has influenced pollution problems.
Planning and Managing Land Use
Managing Fish and Wildlife
- Describe the role of hunting and fishing in the management of wildlife.
- Identify common game species native to Virginia.
- Contrast habitat requirements for various fish and wildlife.
- Describe human conflicts with wildlife populations.
- Describe the environmental effects of overpopulation of wildlife.
- Identify local plants or trees that provide food and/or cover for animals and birds.
- Explain measurement of the wildlife and fish population.
- Explain the difference among extinct, endangered, and threatened species of wildlife.
- Identify Virginia's threatened and endangered species.
- Identify diseases and parasites in wildlife.
- List methods to improve reintroduction of species to a natural habitat.
- Describe management practices of freshwater fisheries.
- Summarize the aquaculture industry.
- Describe the effects of habitat loss.
Managing Forests and Forestland
- Explain basic tree structure and growth.
- Identify forest trees of Virginia.
- Explain invasive species and their effects on native populations.
- Differentiate between forest types.
- Identify tree diseases and insect pests.
- Calculate the value of standing timber.
- Identify forest products and uses of harvested trees.
- Explain why trees are undesirable and selected for removal.
- Compare methods of forest harvest and regeneration.
- Describe factors considered when determining species most appropriate for reforestation.
- Examine the uses of prescribed burning.
- Explain the development and anatomy of a forest wildfire.
- Develop forest wildfire prevention techniques.
- Evaluate forest wildfire fighting techniques.
- Explain the use of herbicides in forest management.
- Research the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) offered through the Virginia Department of Forestry (VDOF).
- Explain how urban forests fit into the urban ecosystem.
- Identify the benefits of urban forests.
- Explain the relationship between urban forests and air and water quality.
- Identify plant species appropriate to urban development.
- Identify best management practices for tree care.
- Describe unfavorable conditions that urban trees experience.
- Calculate the benefits of an urban tree.
- Describe techniques for planting and establishing trees.
- Develop a mulching, pruning, fertilization, and pest control plan for urban plantings.
Understanding Conservation Cartography and Orienteering
- Describe a topographic map, a relief map, and satellite imagery.
- Interpret a topographic land map.
- Create a topographic land map.
- Determine percentage slope on a topographic map.
- Interpret maps for correlation to geographic features.
- Identify cardinal directions on maps and in the outdoors.
- Use a compass to orient various locations on a map.
- Use triangulation to estimate unknown location from one or more known locations.
- Define geographic information system (GIS).
- Explain global positioning system (GPS).
Investigating Waste Management
Managing Energy Resources
- Describe forms of energy usable to humans.
- Outline energy production trends in the United States and worldwide.
- Explain traditional and primary energy sources in use today.
- Describe alternative sources of energy.
- Evaluate appliances for energy use and conservation.
- Describe how various energy sources are obtained, processed, distributed, and used.
- Explain problems associated with the production, processing, distribution, and use of various energy sources.