# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Ecology and Environmental Management SOL Correlation by Task

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

SOL Correlation by Task

A correlation between each state-approved CTE course and Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL) for English, History and Social Science, Mathematics, and Science has been completed by teams of CTE and academic specialists. The correlation identifies, on a statewide basis, standards reinforced by specific tasks/competencies within each course.

In this course, the following tasks/competencies reinforce the standards listed beside them. Teachers may identify additional reinforcements in locally developed instructional materials.

Task/Competency Number Task/Competency Statement Standards
1 Demonstrate creativity and innovation. English 6.1, 6.3, 6.4, 6.6, 6.7, 6.9, 7.1, 7.3, 7.4, 7.6, 7.7, 7.9, 8.1, 8.3, 8.4, 8.6, 8.7, 8.9, 9.1, 9.5, 9.6, 9.8, 10.1, 10.5, 10.6, 10.8, 11.1, 11.5, 11.6, 11.8, 12.1, 12.5, 12.6, 12.8
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WG.4, WHI.1, WHII.1
Mathematics 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.10, 6.11, 6.12, 7.2, 7.3, 7.8, 7.9, 8.2, 8.4, 8.6, 8.7, 8.11, 8.12, 8.17, 8.18, A.9, AFDA.3, AFDA.4, AFDA.5, AFDA.6, AFDA.7, AFDA.8, AII.9, COM.1, COM.3, COM.4, COM.5, COM.8, DM.1*, DM.2*, DM.3*, DM.7, DM.10, PS.3*, PS.4*, PS.7*, PS.9*, PS.10*
Science 6.1, BIO.1, CH.1, ES.1, LS.1, PS.1
2 Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving. English 6.1, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.9, 7.1, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6, 7.7, 7.9, 8.1, 8.3, 8.4, 8.5, 8.6, 8.7, 8.9, 9.1, 9.5, 9.6, 9.8, 10.1, 10.5, 10.6, 10.8, 11.1, 11.5, 11.6, 11.8, 12.1, 12.5, 12.6, 12.8
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.11, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WG.4, WHI.1, WHII.1
Mathematics 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.10, 6.11, 7.2, 7.3, 7.8, 7.12, 7.13, 8.2, 8.4, 8.8, 8.9, 8.10, 8.11, A.8, A.9, AFDA.3, AFDA.5, AFDA.8, AII.9, AII.10, AII.11, COM.1, COM.3, COM.4, COM.5, COM.8, DM.1*, DM.2*, DM.3*, DM.4, DM.7, DM.9*, G.1, G.13, G.14, PS.9*, PS.10*
Science 6.1, BIO.1, CH.1, ES.1, LS.1, PS.1
3 Demonstrate initiative and self-direction. English 6.1, 6.4, 6.6, 6.7, 6.9, 7.1, 7.4, 7.6, 7.7, 7.9, 8.1, 8.4, 8.6, 8.7, 8.9, 9.1, 9.5, 9.6, 9.8, 10.1, 10.5, 10.6, 10.8, 11.1, 11.5, 11.6, 11.8, 12.1, 12.5, 12.6, 12.8
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.11, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
4 Demonstrate integrity. English 6.1, 7.1, 8.1, 9.1, 9.5, 10.1, 10.5, 11.1, 11.5, 12.1, 12.5
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.3, CE.4, GOVT.1, GOVT.16, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
5 Demonstrate work ethic. English 6.1, 7.1, 8.1, 9.1, 10.1, 11.1, 12.1
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.14, GOVT.1, GOVT.16, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Science CH.1
6 Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills. English 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 6.6, 6.7, 6.9, 7.1, 7.2, 7.4, 7.6, 7.7, 7.9, 8.1, 8.2, 8.4, 8.6, 8.7, 8.9, 9.1, 10.1, 11.1, 12.1
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, GOVT.1, USI.1, VUS.1
7 Demonstrate listening and speaking skills. English 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 6.6, 7.1, 7.2, 7.4, 7.6, 8.1, 8.2, 8.4, 8.6, 9.1, 10.1, 11.1, 12.1
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
8 Demonstrate respect for diversity. English 6.1, 7.1, 8.1, 9.1, 10.1, 11.1, 12.1
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.3, CE.4, GOVT.1, GOVT.16, USI.1, USII.1, USII.9, VUS.1, VUS.13, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
9 Demonstrate customer service skills. English 6.1, 6.4, 6.7, 7.1, 7.4, 7.7, 8.1, 8.4, 8.7, 9.1, 9.5, 9.6, 10.1, 10.5, 10.6, 11.1, 11.5, 11.6, 12.1, 12.5, 12.6
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, GOVT.1, GOVT.16, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
10 Collaborate with team members. English 6.1, 7.1, 8.1, 9.1, 10.1, 11.1, 12.1
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.3, CE.4, GOVT.1, GOVT.16, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
11 Demonstrate big-picture thinking. English 6.1, 6.4, 7.1, 7.4, 8.1, 8.4, 9.1, 9.5, 10.1, 10.5, 11.1, 11.5, 12.1, 12.5
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.12, GOVT.1, GOVT.15, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
12 Demonstrate career- and life-management skills. English 6.1, 6.7, 7.1, 7.7, 8.1, 8.7, 9.1, 9.6, 10.1, 10.6, 11.1, 11.6, 12.1, 12.6
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.12, CE.14, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Mathematics 8.4
13 Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability. English 6.1, 6.4, 6.7, 6.9, 7.1, 7.4, 7.7, 7.9, 8.1, 8.4, 8.7, 8.9, 9.1, 9.5, 9.6, 9.8, 10.1, 10.5, 10.6, 10.8, 11.1, 11.5, 11.6, 11.8, 12.1, 12.5, 12.6, 12.8
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.3, CE.4, CE.14, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Science BIO.1, CH.1, LS.1, PH.1, PH.4, PS.1
14 Manage time and resources. English 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 6.7, 6.9, 7.1, 7.2, 7.4, 7.7, 7.9, 8.1, 8.2, 8.4, 8.7, 8.9, 9.1, 9.5, 9.6, 9.8, 10.1, 10.5, 10.6, 10.8, 11.2, 11.5, 11.6, 11.8, 12.2, 12.5, 12.6, 12.8
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.11, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Mathematics 6.10, 6.11, 6.12, 7.2, 7.3, 7.8, 7.9, 7.10, 7.11, 7.12, 7.13, 8.4, 8.11, 8.12, 8.13, 8.14, 8.17, 8.18, A.4, A.5, A.8, A.9, AFDA.3, AFDA.4, AFDA.5, AFDA.6, AFDA.7, AFDA.8, COM.1, COM.3, COM.5, COM.8
15 Demonstrate information-literacy skills. English 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 6.6, 6.7, 6.9, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.6, 7.7, 7.9, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4, 8.6, 8.7, 8.9, 9.2, 9.5, 9.6, 9.8, 10.2, 10.5, 10.6, 10.8, 11.2, 11.5, 11.6, 11.8, 12.2, 12.5, 12.6, 12.8
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.14, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Mathematics 6.10, 6.11, 7.8, 7.9, 8.11, 8.12, A.8, A.9, AFDA.3, AFDA.4, AFDA.6, AFDA.7, AFDA.8, DM.8, PS.1*, PS.2*, PS.3*, PS.4*, PS.7*, PS.8*, PS.9*, PS.10*
Science 6.1, BIO.1, CH.1, ES.1, LS.1, PH.1, PS.1
16 Demonstrate an understanding of information security. English 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.6, 7.7, 7.8, 7.9, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4, 8.6, 8.7, 8.8, 8.9, 9.1, 9.2, 9.5, 9.6, 9.8, 10.1, 10.2, 10.5, 10.6, 10.8, 11.1, 11.2, 11.5, 11.6, 11.8, 12.1, 12.2, 12.5, 12.6, 12.8
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.14, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Mathematics COM.10
17 Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems. English 6.1, 6.3, 6.4, 6.6, 6.9, 7.1, 7.3, 7.4, 7.6, 7.9, 8.1, 8.3, 8.4, 8.6, 8.9
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.14, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Mathematics 7.8, COM.1, COM.2, COM.7, COM.9, COM.10, COM.11, COM.16, COM.18, PS.17
Science BIO.1, CH.1, ES.1, PH.1
18 Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation. History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.14, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Mathematics 6.10, 6.11, 7.9, 8.4, A.7, A.8, A.9, AFDA.1, AFDA.3, AFDA.5, AII.4, AII.7, AII.9, COM.1, COM.7, COM.10, COM.11, COM.12, COM.16
Science CH.1, ES.1, LS.1, PH.1, PS.1
19 Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks. English 6.4, 6.6, 6.7, 7.4, 7.6, 7.7, 8.4, 8.6, 8.7, 9.5, 9.6, 10.5, 10.6, 11.5, 11.6, 12.5, 12.6
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.14, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Mathematics 6.1, 6.2, 6.5, 6.6, 6.12, 6.13, 6.14, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6, 7.8, 7.9, 7.11, 7.12, 7.13, 8.4, 8.5, 8.6, 8.8, 8.9, 8.10, 8.11, 8.12, 8.13, 8.14, 8.15, 8.16, 8.17, 8.18, A.1, A.3, A.4, A.5, A.7, A.8, A.9, AFDA.1, AFDA.3, AFDA.5, AFDA.8, AII.3, AII.7, AII.9, AII.10, COM.1, COM.7
Science 6.1, BIO.1, CH.1, ES.1, LS.1, PH.1, PS.1
20 Demonstrate professionalism. English 6.1, 7.1, 8.1, 9.1, 10.1, 11.1, 12.1
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, CE.14, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
21 Demonstrate reading and writing skills. English 6.1, 6.6, 6.7, 7.1, 7.6, 7.7, 8.1, 8.6, 8.7, 9.1, 9.5, 9.6, 9.7, 10.1, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 11.1, 11.5, 11.6, 11.7, 12.1, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Science 6.1, PH.1, PS.1
22 Demonstrate workplace safety. English 6.4, 7.4, 8.4, 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science CE.1, CE.4, GOVT.1, USI.1, USII.1, VUS.1, WG.1, WHI.1, WHII.1
Science CH.1
23 Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization. History and Social Science GOVT.16
28 Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization. History and Social Science GOVT.16
29 Examine community issues related to an industry/organization. History and Social Science GOVT.16
30 Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization. History and Social Science GOVT.16
39 Identify the role of supervised agricultural experiences (SAEs) in agricultural education. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
40 Participate in an SAE. English 9.5, 9.8, 10.5, 10.8, 11.5, 11.8, 12.5, 12.8
41 Identify the benefits and responsibilities of FFA membership. English 9.5, 9.6, 9.7, 9.8, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 11.5, 11.6, 11.7, 11.8, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7, 12.8
42 Describe leadership characteristics and opportunities as they relate to agriculture and FFA. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science VUS.8, VUS.9, VUS.10, VUS.11, WHII.8, WHII.10, WHII.11
43 Apply for an FFA degree and/or an agricultural proficiency award. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
44 Describe occupations in natural resource management and conservation areas including regulatory and non-regulatory services. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.4, WG.5
45 Develop a list of local, state, and federal agencies and nonprofit organizations that work with the environment and/or natural resources. English 9.5, 9.8, 10.5, 10.8, 11.5, 11.8, 12.5, 12.8
History and Social Science GOVT.15, GOVT.16
46 Identify environmental and natural resource management and conservation businesses in the community. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science GOVT.9, GOVT.15, WG.4, WG.16, WG.18
47 Explain the importance of the environment in sustaining living organisms. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science GOVT.15, VUS.1, WG.2, WHI.1, WHI.2, WHII.8, WHII.14
48 Define basic terminology in ecology and other environmental science. English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2
Science BIO.8
49 Explain energy transfer. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.2, BIO.8
50 Describe the effects of natural events and anthropogenic influences on ecosystems. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.2, WG.14, WG.15
51 Explain principles and processes of ecological succession. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.8
52 Illustrate geometric vs. arithmetic increases in population growth. History and Social Science VUS.1, VUS.2, VUS.8, WG.1, WG.14, WG.15, WHI.1, WHII.1, WHII.8
Mathematics AFDA.1, AFDA.2, AII.5, AII.6, AII.7, MA.2
Science BIO.8
53 Describe the logistics of population growth. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science VUS.1, VUS.2, VUS.8, WG.14, WG.15, WG.16, WHI.1, WHII.1, WHII.8
Mathematics AFDA.1, AII.7, MA.2
Science BIO.8
54 Explain the tragedy of the commons. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.17, WG.18
Science BIO.8
55 Explain the role of biodiversity in ecosystem stability. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
Science BIO.8
56 Identify the effects of latitude and altitude on species diversity. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.2, WG.4
Science BIO.8
57 Explain the process of species differentiation. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.6, BIO.7, BIO.8
58 Diagram the composition of the atmosphere. Science ES.6
59 Outline effective methods to control various air pollutants. English 9.6, 9.7, 10.6, 10.7, 11.6, 11.7, 12.6, 12.7
History and Social Science GOVT.9, GOVT.15
60 Explain the effects of greenhouse gases. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.11
61 Determine the sources and effects of acid rain. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.2, WG.3, WG.17, WG.18
Science ES.11
62 Analyze the conversation surrounding ozone depletion. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.11
63 Define noise pollution. English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
History and Social Science GOVT.15
64 Research noise restrictions for a locality. English 9.8, 10.8, 11.8, 12.8
65 Identify different types of noise pollution and the effect on humans, wildlife, and ecological systems. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
66 Describe the soil-formation process. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
Science ES.8
67 Classify soils using the soil taxonomy system. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.8
68 Identify differences in soil profiles. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.8
69 Investigate soil types. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.8
70 Interpret data contained in soil maps. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.8
71 Explain land capability classes. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
72 Explain leaching in soils. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.8
73 Collect soil samples to analyze for composition. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
74 Interpret soil test results to make nutrient recommendations. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
75 Explain how wind and water erode soil. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.2
Science ES.7
76 Identify common materials used for riparian buffers and vegetative erosion control methods. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
77 Explain the effects of erosion on plants, animals, and their habitats. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.7
78 Describe crop rotation and no-till agriculture. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
79 Explain mechanical erosion controls. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
80 Define characteristics of water. English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
Science BIO.2, CH.5, ES.12
81 Define wetlands and uses. English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
Science ES.8
82 Illustrate the hydrologic cycle. Science ES.8
84 Identify characteristics of an estuarine system. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.8
85 Describe an aquatic zonation system. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.10
86 Explain the different ways water moves in the oceans and the factors affecting movement. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.10
87 Explain groundwater and sources of groundwater. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.8
88 Explain the role of frozen water in Earth’s systems. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
89 Define water table. English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
Science ES.8
90 Explain the Clean Water Act. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science GOVT.9, GOVT.15
91 Examine the water needs for an agricultural enterprise, school, or home. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Mathematics A.1
92 Define point and nonpoint source (NPS) pollution. English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
93 Identify major water pollutants and their effects on the environment. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
94 Define karst topography. English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
Science ES.8
95 Analyze water samples for chemical pollutants and biological organisms. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
96 Analyze water quality using the Izaak Walton League of America (IWLA) method. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
97 Explain the effects of water pollution on agricultural production. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.2, WG.3
98 Define eutrophication and its relationship to nutrient-rich waters. English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
99 Report on the effects of polluted water on animals and humans. English 9.1, 10.1, 11.1, 12.1
100 Compare methods used to reduce surface and groundwater contamination. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
101 Select best management practices designed to improve water quality. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
102 Identify the characteristics of a watershed. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
Science ES.8
103 Interpret a flood-hazard analysis. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
104 Explain methods of flood control. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
105 Compare stream bank protection measures. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
106 Examine environmental agencies: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS), Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (VDGIF), and Virginia Department of Forestry (VDOF). English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science GOVT.9, GOVT.15
107 Identify local, state, national, and global issues concerning agriculture and the environment. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science GOVT.7, GOVT.8, GOVT.9, WG.16, WG.17
108 Summarize how agriculture and the environment are related. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2, WG.3
109 Compare sustainability practices and multiple-use management strategies and their uses to protect and maintain Virginia’s forest ecosystems. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
110 Outline the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control Law. English 9.6, 9.7, 10.6, 10.7, 11.6, 11.7, 12.6, 12.7
111 Define organic farming. English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
112 Assess how technology has influenced pollution problems. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2, WG.16, WG.17, WG.18
113 Identify major land uses and their effects on the environment and ecosystems. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.2, WG.3, WG.14, WG.18
114 Explain zoning classifications and their effects. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
History and Social Science GOVT.9, GOVT.15, WG.18
115 Classify land zoning according to its uses. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
116 Describe green infrastructure. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.2, WG.16
117 Describe the role of hunting and fishing in the management of wildlife. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.8
118 Identify common game species native to Virginia. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
119 Contrast habitat requirements for various fish and wildlife. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
120 Describe human conflicts with wildlife populations. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.8
121 Describe the environmental effects of overpopulation of wildlife. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.8
122 Identify local plants or trees that provide food and/or cover for animals and birds. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
123 Explain measurement of the wildlife and fish population. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Mathematics PS.8*, PS.17, PS.18, PS.19
124 Explain the difference among extinct, endangered, and threatened species of wildlife. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
125 Identify Virginia's threatened and endangered species. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.8
126 Identify diseases and parasites in wildlife. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.4
127 List methods to improve reintroduction of species to a natural habitat. English 9.5, 9.6, 9.7, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 11.5, 11.6, 11.7, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7
128 Describe management practices of freshwater fisheries. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
129 Summarize the aquaculture industry. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
130 Describe the effects of habitat loss. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.8
131 Explain basic tree structure and growth. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
132 Identify forest trees of Virginia. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.8
133 Explain invasive species and their effects on native populations. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science BIO.8
134 Differentiate between forest types. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.3, WG.4, WG.6, WG.9
135 Identify tree diseases and insect pests. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
136 Calculate the value of standing timber. Mathematics A.1, A.4
137 Identify forest products and uses of harvested trees. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
138 Explain why trees are undesirable and selected for removal. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
139 Compare methods of forest harvest and regeneration. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
140 Describe factors considered when determining species most appropriate for reforestation. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
141 Examine the uses of prescribed burning. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
142 Explain the development and anatomy of a forest wildfire. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
143 Develop forest wildfire prevention techniques. English 9.1, 10.1, 11.1, 12.1
144 Evaluate forest wildfire fighting techniques. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
145 Explain the use of herbicides in forest management. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
146 Research the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) offered through the Virginia Department of Forestry (VDOF). English 9.8, 10.8, 11.8, 12.8
147 Explain how urban forests fit into the urban ecosystem. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
148 Identify the benefits of urban forests. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
149 Explain the relationship between urban forests and air and water quality. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
150 Identify plant species appropriate to urban development. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
151 Identify best management practices for tree care. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
152 Describe unfavorable conditions that urban trees experience. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
153 Calculate the benefits of an urban tree. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
154 Describe techniques for planting and establishing trees. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
155 Develop a mulching, pruning, fertilization, and pest control plan for urban plantings. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
156 Describe a topographic map, a relief map, and satellite imagery. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2
Science ES.1
157 Interpret a topographic land map. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2
Science ES.1
159 Determine percentage slope on a topographic map. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Mathematics A.6
160 Interpret maps for correlation to geographic features. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2
161 Identify cardinal directions on maps and in the outdoors. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1
162 Use a compass to orient various locations on a map. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2, WHII.11
163 Use triangulation to estimate unknown location from one or more known locations. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
Mathematics G.5
164 Define geographic information system (GIS). English 9.3, 10.3, 11.3, 12.3
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2
165 Explain global positioning system (GPS). English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2
Science ES.1
166 Explain the processes carried out in a sewage plant. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
167 Explain a sewage disposal system. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
168 Outline the systems for hazardous waste disposal. English 9.6, 9.7, 10.6, 10.7, 11.6, 11.7, 12.6, 12.7
169 Identify common methods of waste disposal. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
171 Describe forms of energy usable to humans. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
Science ES.6
172 Outline energy production trends in the United States and worldwide. English 9.6, 9.7, 10.6, 10.7, 11.6, 11.7, 12.6, 12.7
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.17, WG.18
173 Explain traditional and primary energy sources in use today. English 9.3, 9.5, 10.3, 10.5, 11.3, 11.5, 12.3, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.4, WG.17
Science ES.6
174 Describe alternative sources of energy. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
Science ES.6
175 Evaluate appliances for energy use and conservation. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.1, WG.2
176 Describe how various energy sources are obtained, processed, distributed, and used. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.2, WG.4
Science ES.6
177 Explain problems associated with the production, processing, distribution, and use of various energy sources. English 9.5, 10.5, 11.5, 12.5
History and Social Science WG.2, WG.4
Science ES.6