# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Outdoor Recreation, Parks, and Tourism Systems Management Related Economics and Personal Finance Standards of Learning

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Related Economics and Personal Finance Standards of Learning

Economics and Personal Finance Standards of Learning

EPF.1

The student will demonstrate knowledge of basic economic concepts and structures by
  1. describing how consumers, businesses, and government decision makers face scarcity of resources and must make trade-offs and incur opportunity costs;
  2. explaining that choices often have long-term unintended consequences;
  3. describing how effective decision making requires comparing the additional costs (marginal costs) and additional benefits (marginal benefits);
  4. identifying factors of production;
  5. comparing the characteristics of market, command, tradition, and mixed economies; and
  6. identifying Adam Smith and describing the characteristics of a market economy.

EPF.2

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of producers and consumers in a market economy by
  1. describing how consumers, producers, workers, savers, investors, and citizens respond to incentives;
  2. explaining how businesses respond to consumer sovereignty;
  3. identifying the role of entrepreneurs;
  4. comparing the costs and benefits of different forms of business organization, including sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, franchise, and cooperative;
  5. describing how costs and revenues affect profit and supply;
  6. describing how increased productivity affects costs of production and standard of living;
  7. examining how investment in human capital, capital goods, and technology can improve productivity;
  8. describing the effects of competition on producers, sellers, and consumers;
  9. explaining why monopolies or collusion among sellers reduces competition and raises prices; and
  10. illustrating the circular flow of economic activity.