# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Small Engine Repair Task/Competency List

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

2019/2020 Competency-Based Task/Competency List for Small Engine Repair (8021/18 weeks)

Tasks/competencies bordered in blue are considered optional when marked as such; they and/or additional tasks/competencies may be taught at the discretion of the school division. All other tasks are considered essential statewide and are required of all students.

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Demonstrating Personal Qualities and Abilities

  1. Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
  2. Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving.
  3. Demonstrate initiative and self-direction.
  4. Demonstrate integrity.
  5. Demonstrate work ethic.

Demonstrating Interpersonal Skills

  1. Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
  2. Demonstrate listening and speaking skills.
  3. Demonstrate respect for diversity.
  4. Demonstrate customer service skills.
  5. Collaborate with team members.

Demonstrating Professional Competencies

  1. Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
  2. Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
  3. Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
  4. Manage time and resources.
  5. Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
  6. Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
  7. Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
  8. Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
  9. Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
  10. Demonstrate professionalism.
  11. Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
  12. Demonstrate workplace safety.

Examining All Aspects of an Industry

  1. Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
  2. Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
  3. Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
  4. Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
  5. Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
  6. Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
  7. Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
  8. Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.

Addressing Elements of Student Life

  1. Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
  2. Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
  3. Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
  4. Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.

Exploring Work-Based Learning

  1. Identify the types of work-based learning (WBL) opportunities.
  2. Reflect on lessons learned during the WBL experience.
  3. Explore career opportunities related to the WBL experience.
  4. Participate in a WBL experience, when appropriate.

Note: Competencies 39-43 have been added to ensure compliance with federal legislation: National FFA Organization's Federal Charter Amendments Act (Public Law 116-7, https://www.congress.gov/116/plaws/publ7/PLAW-116publ7.pdf). All inquiries may be sent to cte@doe.virginia.gov. Students are provided opportunities for leadership, personal growth, and career success. Instruction is delivered through three major components: classroom/lab instruction, supervised agricultural experience (SAE) program, and student leadership (FFA).

  1. Identify the role of supervised agricultural experiences (SAEs) in agricultural education.
  2. Participate in an SAE.

Exploring Leadership Opportunities through FFA

  1. Identify the benefits and responsibilities of FFA membership.
  2. Describe leadership characteristics and opportunities as they relate to agriculture and FFA.
  3. Apply for an FFA degree and/or an agricultural proficiency award.

Applying Safety Practices

  1. Demonstrate the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
  2. Use safety shields and guards on all equipment.
  3. Demonstrate safety practices for flammable materials.
  4. Identify safety practices followed in the operation of small-engine equipment.
  5. Identify marked safety zones and nonskid areas.
  6. Identify the location and use of eye wash stations.
  7. Identify the location of posted evacuation routes.
  8. Demonstrate knowledge of Safety Data Sheets (SDS).
  9. Demonstrate the precautions for the use of chemicals.
  10. Demonstrate the use of standard and metric hand tools.
  11. Demonstrate the use of power tools.
  12. Demonstrate the use of standard and metric precision measuring tools.
  13. Explain the use of fire protection equipment.
  14. Demonstrate the use of specialty tools.
  15. Follow federal, state, and local standards, regulations, and procedures.

Describing the Operation of an Internal Combustion Engine

  1. Explain the operation of a four-stroke engine.
  2. Explain the operation of a two-stroke engine.
  3. Explain the interrelationship of parts during each stroke for an internal combustion engine.

Selecting and Using Tools

  1. Demonstrate torque technique for threaded fasteners.
  2. Identify the basic hand tools and commonly used power tools in small engine repair.
  3. Identify measuring and testing devices.
  4. Demonstrate the use of measuring and testing devices.

Selecting Repair Parts

  1. Identify manufacturer, model number, serial number, specification number, and other unique equipment numbers.
  2. Use service, repair, and operating manuals for equipment.
  3. Locate replacement part numbers.

Repairing Manual Starters

  1. Identify the components of a manual starter.
  2. Repair a manual starter.

Identifying Electric Starters

  1. Identify the components of an electric starter.
  2. Repair an electric starter.

Repairing Ignition Systems

  1. Identify types of ignition systems used in small engines.
  2. Identify parts used in repairing the ignition circuit.
  3. Service ignition parts.

Evaluating Battery Systems

  1. Describe the safety hazards associated with battery systems.
  2. Evaluate system operation.
  3. Install a battery.
  4. Test a battery.

Examining Functions and Types of Fuel Systems

  1. Explain the principles of a fuel delivery system.
  2. Identify the types of fuel delivery systems, system components, and fuel types.
  3. Evaluate and service the fuel system.

Repairing Carburetors and/or Fuel Injection Systems

  1. Identify types of carburetors and fuel injection systems.
  2. Explain the operation of a carburetor and a fuel injection system.
  3. Evaluate the operation of a carburetor.
  4. Service a carburetor and/or fuel injection system.
  5. Determine the replacement vs. repair of a carburetor and/or a fuel injection system.
  6. Replace a carburetor.

Repairing Governors

  1. Identify types of governors.
  2. Explain the operation of a governor.
  3. Evaluate operation of a governor.
  4. Adjust the governor.

Servicing Valves on Four-Stroke Engines

  1. Describe the operation of intake and exhaust valves.
  2. Describe the differences between the OVH and L-head valve design.
  3. Evaluate valve clearance.
  4. Evaluate valves and accessories for defects.
  5. Install valves and accessories.
  6. Replace the cylinder head.

Repairing Valves on Two-Stroke Engines

  1. Identify types of valves.
  2. Explain how valves work.
  3. Evaluate the reed valve for proper operation.
  4. Replace the reed valve assembly.

Remove Internal Engine Parts

  1. Remove internal engine parts.
  2. Identify internal engine parts.
  3. Explain how pistons and the compression system work.
  4. Explain how various piston rings work.
  5. Inspect the cylinders for wear.
  6. Analyze the camshaft assembly for defects.
  7. Evaluate a crankshaft.

Servicing Air Filters

  1. Identify types of air filters.
  2. Service air filters.

Servicing the Lubrication System

  1. Select engine oil.
  2. Change the engine oil.
  3. Change the oil filter.
  4. Inspect the breather.

Servicing Spark Plugs

  1. Identify the components of a spark plug.
  2. Evaluate the spark plug.
  3. Set the spark plug electrode gap.