# CTE Resource Center - Verso - Sports Medicine II Task 733922413

CTE Resource Center - Verso

Virginia’s CTE Resource Center

Describe acute training variables and phases within exercise program design.


Description should include variables and phases in exercise program designs (periodization) such as the Optimum Performance Training (OPT) model.

For an example of exercise progression models, see OPT templates under NASM resources.

Process/Skill Questions

  • What are the acute training variables found within the OPT model?
  • What is the primary goal of each phase of the OPT model?
  • What are the phases of an exercise program (e.g., five phases of the OPT model)?
  • Why does the OPT model begin with the stabilization phase rather than the hypertrophy phase?
  • What is periodization?
  • What is progression?
  • How do you choose an exercise program for a client?

Related Standards of Learning



The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
  1. Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
  2. Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
  3. Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
  4. Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
  5. Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.

Other Related Standards

NASM-Certified Personal Trainer

Chapter 13 Resistance Training Concepts

  • Describe the stages of the general adaptation syndrome.
  • Define and describe the principle of adaptation and specificity.
  • Define stability, muscular endurance, muscular hypertrophy, strength, and power.
  • List and define the various stages of strength and training systems.

Chapter 1 The Scientific Rationale for Integrated Thinking

  • Explain the history of the profession of personal training.
  • Identify common characteristics of personal training clients.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of integrated exercise program design.
  • Describe the Optimum Performance Training (OPT™) model.

Chapter 14 Integrated Program Design and the Optimum Performance Training™ (OPT™) Model

  • Define and describe the acute training variables within the Optimum Performance Training (OPT™) model.
  • Describe the phases within the OPT model.
  • Design programs for each phase of training.