Explain the metabolic energy systems.
Explanation should include how the body produces energy for exercise using carbohydrates, fats and proteins and the difference between aerobic and anaerobic metabolic pathways.
- What are the energy systems of the body?
- How does energy become available as work demands on the body change?
- What are exercise, metabolism, and bioenergetics?
- What is an aerobic system of obtaining energy?
- What is VO2 max? How is VO2 max measured?
- What is an anaerobic system of obtaining energy?
- What is are glycolysis and adenosine triphosphate-phosphocreatine (ATP-PCR) system? How do glycolysis and the ATP-PCR system work?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
- Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
- Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
- Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
The student will investigate and understand life functions of Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya. Key concepts include
- comparison of their metabolic activities;
- maintenance of homeostasis;
- how the structures and functions vary among and within the Eukarya kingdoms of protists, fungi, plants, and animals, including humans;
- human health issues, human anatomy, and body systems;
- how viruses compare with organisms; and
- evidence supporting the germ theory of infectious disease.
Other Related Standards
HOSA Competitive Events (High School)
Health Science Events
Health Professions Events
NASM-Certified Personal Trainer
Chapter 3 The Cardiorespiratory System
- Describe the structure and function of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
- Explain how each of these systems relates to human movement.
- Describe how the cardiovascular and respiratory systems work in unison.
- Explain the influence that dysfunctional breathing can have on the human movement system.
Chapter 4 Exercise Metabolism and Bioenergetics
- Describe the primary methods of how the body produces energy for exercise.
- Differentiate between aerobic and anaerobic metabolism.
- Distinguish which energy pathways predominate for various intensities and durations of exercise.
- Understand the interaction of carbohydrate, fat, and protein as fuels for exercise.
- State the differences in the energy use during steady state and exhaustive exercise.
- Discriminate between the energy requirements of steady state versus intermittent exercise.
- Describe basic training-induced adaptations in energy production.
Chapter 8 Cardiorespiratory Fitness Training
- Define and describe the components associated with cardiorespiratory training.
- Describe how various physiologic systems respond and adapt to cardiorespiratory training.
- Describe the health-related benefits associated with cardiorespiratory fitness.
- Describe current guidelines and recommendations for prescribing safe and effective cardiorespiratory exercise to apparently healthy individuals.
- Describe how to design and implement cardiorespiratory training programs to a variety of clients using an individualized approach.
- Instruct clients on how to perform safe and effective cardiorespiratory exercise.