Explain the basic principles and importance of flexibility training.
Explanation should include the principles of static stretching, ballistic stretching, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). It should include considerations of intensity, duration, and frequency. It should also address the differences between elastic and plastic deformation. It should include the concept that flexibility is important because it increases joint range of motion, facilitates reflex inhibition, and enhances the performance of activities of daily living.
- What is static stretching? How is it performed? Why is it important?
- What is ballistic stretching? How is it performed? Why is it important?
- What is PNF stretching? How does PNF take advantage of muscular contraction and relaxation? Of agonist and antagonist relationships? Why is PNF stretching important?
- What is the difference between flexibility and range of motion?
- What is dynamic stretching? When is it more appropriate than static stretching?
Related Standards of Learning
- Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
- Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
- Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
Other Related Standards
HOSA Competitive Events
Health Science Events
Health Professions Events
NASM-Certified Personal Trainer
Chapter 7 Flexibility Training Concepts
- Explain the effects of muscle imbalances on the human movement system (kinetic chain).
- Provide a scientific rationale for the use of an integrated flexibility training program.
- Differentiate between the various types of flexibility techniques.
- Perform and instruct appropriate flexibility techniques for given situations.