Explain the relationship between nutrition and injury, illness, and health conditions.
Explanation should include the impact of nutrition on
- injuries (e.g., dehydration, fractures, cramping, strain)
- illness (e.g., diabetes, cardiovascular disease)
- health conditions (e.g., obesity, osteoporosis, hormone imbalance).
- What are the long-term consequences, from an injury/illness perspective, of taking anabolic steroids, “nutritional” supplements, and other ergogenic aids?
- What role do age, gender, socioeconomic, and ethnicity play when evaluating nutritional considerations to prevent or address injury or illness?
Related Standards of Learning
The student will read, interpret, analyze, and evaluate a variety of nonfiction texts.
- Use critical thinking to generate and respond logically to literal, inferential, and evaluative questions about the text(s).
- Identify and synthesize resources to make decisions, complete tasks, and solve specific problems.
- Analyze multiple texts addressing the same topic to determine how authors reach similar or different conclusions.
- Recognize and analyze use of ambiguity, contradiction, paradox, irony, overstatement, and understatement in text.
- Analyze false premises claims, counterclaims, and other evidence in persuasive writing.
Other Related Standards
HOSA Competitive Events
Health Science Events
Knowledge Test: Nutrition
NASM-Certified Personal Trainer
Chapter 16 Chronic Health Conditions and Physical or Functional Limitations
- Define and describe the cause and symptoms of selected chronic health conditions.
- Describe the characteristics of selected health and age-related physical and functional limitations to exercise.
- Recognize how the conditions discussed in this chapter affect exercise training variables within the OPT™ model.
- Recognize how acute and chronic responses to exercise vary in clients with chronic health conditions or physical or functional limitations compared with apparently healthy clients.
- Describe how to modify program design for clients with chronic health and physical or functional limitations.
- Review fitness assessment considerations.
- Review concepts for program design.
- Describe hydration concepts.
- Identify fitness technologies and trends.
- Describe behavior change strategies for client results.
- Describe exam taking best practices and preparation.
Chapter 1 The Scientific Rationale for Integrated Thinking
- Explain the history of the profession of personal training.
- Identify common characteristics of personal training clients.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of integrated exercise program design.
- Describe the Optimum Performance Training (OPT™) model.
Chapter 17 Nutrition
- Describe the macronutrients and their functions.
- Describe how the macronutrient composition of an individual’s food intake can affect satiety, compliance, daily energy expenditure, and weight control.
- Provide basic nutritional recommendations for optimizing health.
- Answer questions, handle issues, and dispel myths regarding the relationship of macronutrients to the successful alteration of body composition.